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Measuring vertical and horizontal intra-industry trade: the case for Turkey

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  • Guzin Erlat
  • Haluk Erlat

Abstract

Measuring horizontal intra-industry trade and vertical intra-industry trade (VIIT) requires that traded products be classified as horizontally differentiated and vertically differentiated, and Greenaway et al. (1994) do this by using the relative unit values of exports and imports. We used the five-digit SITC, Rev. 3 trade data for the Turkish manufacturing sector, for 1987–2001. We found that: 1) vertical industries dominated horizontal industries and low quality vertical industries dominated high quality vertical industries; 2) in terms of the decomposition of the nationally aggregated Grubel–Lloyd (GL) indexes, the VIIT component constituted a significant part of this index all through the period; 3) when the GL index was decomposed at the three-digit level for the years 1989, 1992, 1995, 1998 and 2001 and only for those sectors with GL indexes greater than 0.5, it was found that the number of such industries increased steadily overtime and vertical industries dominated throughout the period.

Suggested Citation

  • Guzin Erlat & Haluk Erlat, 2012. "Measuring vertical and horizontal intra-industry trade: the case for Turkey," International Journal of Economics and Business Research, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 4(1/2), pages 149-165.
  • Handle: RePEc:ids:ijecbr:v:4:y:2012:i:1/2:p:149-165
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Lionel Fontagné & Michael Freudenberg & Guillaume Gaulier, 2006. "A Systematic Decomposition of World Trade into Horizontal and Vertical IIT," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 142(3), pages 459-475, October.
    2. José Blanes & Carmela Martín, 2000. "The nature and causes of intra-industry trade: Back to the comparative advantage explanation? The case of Spain," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 136(3), pages 423-441, September.
    3. David Greenaway & Robert Hine & Chris Milner, 1994. "Country-specific factors and the pattern of horizontal and vertical intra-industry trade in the UK," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 130(1), pages 77-100, March.
    4. Grubel, Herbert G & Lloyd, P J, 1971. "The Empirical Measurement of Intra- Industry Trade," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 47(120), pages 494-517, December.
    5. Chonira Aturupane & Simeon Djankov & Bernard Hoekman, 1999. "Horizontal and vertical intra-industry trade between Eastern Europe and the European union," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 135(1), pages 62-81, March.
    6. Güzin Erlat & Haluk Erlat, 2003. "Measuring Intra-Industry and Marginal Intra-Industry Trade : The Case for Turkey," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(6), pages 5-38, November.
    7. Greenaway, David & Milner, Chris & Elliott, Robert J R, 1999. " UK Intra-industry Trade with the EU North and South," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 61(3), pages 365-384, August.
    8. Greenaway, David & Hine, Robert C & Milner, Chris, 1995. "Vertical and Horizontal Intra-industry Trade: A Cross Industry Analysis for the United Kingdom," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 105(433), pages 1505-1518, November.
    9. Nuno Crespo & Maria Fontoura, 2004. "Intra-industry trade by types: What can we learn from Portuguese data?," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 140(1), pages 52-79, March.
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