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Demand Shocks and Intertemporal Coordination: A Two Country Model

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  • Francesco Saraceno

Abstract

The effect of demand shocks is studied within an economy characterized by a temporally articulated production structure and bound by rational agents. Hicks' (1973) model is extended in order to include trade between two economies with demand links. This allows to tackle issues as the transmission of shocks and the coordination of monetary policies. By means of numerical simulations the author shows that because of irreversibilities, temporary demand shocks trigger disequilibrium dynamics with permanent effect on the economy. Market imperfections, namely a certain degree of wage and price stickiness, prove necessary to avoid the implosion of the system. An accommodating monetary policy, by softening financial constraints, is effective in stabilizing the economy. When considering trading economies, a certain degree of openness has positive effects, and independent monetary policies may in some occasions be desirable.

Suggested Citation

  • Francesco Saraceno, 2005. "Demand Shocks and Intertemporal Coordination: A Two Country Model," The IUP Journal of Monetary Economics, IUP Publications, vol. 0(2), pages 51-75, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:icf:icfjmo:v:03:y:2005:i:2:p:51-75
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    Cited by:

    1. Catherine Mathieu & Henri Sterdyniak, 2005. "International relocation and deindustrialisation: some French perspectives," Sciences Po publications N°2005-09, Sciences Po.
    2. Guillaume Daudin & Jean-Luc Gaffard & Sandrine Levasseur & Catherine Mathieu & Georges Pujals & Michel Quéré & Henri Sterdyniak, 2005. "Competition from emerging countries, international relocation and their impacts on employment," Working Papers hal-01065588, HAL.
    3. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/1931 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Michel Quéré & Jean-Luc Gaffard, 2005. "Appendix 4 : Relocation : What Matters ? Competition or/and Co-ordination," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/5062, Sciences Po.
    5. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/3383 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Jean-Luc Gaffard & Michel Quéré, 2005. "Délocalisations : simple affaire de concurrence ou problème de politique économique ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 94(3), pages 193-210.

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