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Female Entrepreneurship Theory: A Multidisciplinary Review of Resources


  • Emile Loza

    (Center for Law, Economics, and Finance at The George Washington University Law School in Washington)


The author, a legal scholar, reviews academic literature regarding and otherwise relevant to the study of female entrepreneurship from across multiple disciplines. She reports that the legal academy has only minimally engaged in entrepreneurship scholarship and not at all as to female entrepreneurship. Author reviews the origins of female entrepreneurship literature and the compilations describing the emergence of female entrepreneurship as a business and social phenomenon, the women who undertook and led these endeavors, and changes in the characteristics of women entrepreneurs over time. She also presents materials in topical sections on business structure, strategy, and performance; culture, sex, and gender; diversity; economic and social development; essentialization and masculine norms; finance; identity issues; innovation and technology; motivation; personal and professional domains; psychology; social capital; and standpoint theory. Author points out the needs for a unified definitional taxonomy for entrepreneurship; for greater study of innovation-driven female entrepreneurship; for the legal academy to enter the field of entrepreneurship study, including as to female entrepreneurship; and for entrepreneurship scholars to approach their work with interdisciplinarity.

Suggested Citation

  • Emile Loza, 2011. "Female Entrepreneurship Theory: A Multidisciplinary Review of Resources," Journal of Women's Entrepreneurship and Education, Institute of Economic Sciences, issue 1-2, pages 26-64.
  • Handle: RePEc:ibg:jwejou:y:2011:i:1-2:p:26-64

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    Cited by:

    1. Irene Fafaliou & Ioannis Salamouris, 2014. "Analyze Female Entrepreneurship: Evidence from Greece," International Journal of Economics & Business Administration (IJEBA), International Journal of Economics & Business Administration (IJEBA), vol. 0(1), pages 21-38.
    2. Hikkerova, Lubica & Ilouga, Samuel Nyock & Sahut, Jean-Michel, 2016. "The entrepreneurship process and the model of volition," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 69(5), pages 1868-1873.

    More about this item


    entrepreneurship; law; innovation; female; gender; international development;

    JEL classification:

    • B54 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches - - - Feminist Economics
    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination


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