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An Analysis of Parents' Strategies of Child Labour and Education in Developing Countries


  • Bazin Damien

    (University of Nice Sophia Antipolis (UNSA) and Macroeconomics and International Finance Research Centre (CEMAFI), Faculty of Law, Political Science and Economics)

  • Bhukuth Augendra

    (University of Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (UVSQ) and Center of Economics and Ethics for Environment and Development (C3ED))


- This paper sheds light on the trade-off between child labour and education in developing countries. We show there are different strategies of education that parents can adopt to enhance children’s wellbeing. We distinguish four categories of education: formal education, vocational training, non-formal education and informal education, implying that child labour and education analysis is no more binary. Hence, these educations are suitable for different categories of households (the richer of the poor and the poorer of the rich). These households make their decision about education and child labour according to the adult labour market and their income. In an environment characterised by a high level of youth unemployement these households prefer investing in informal education. We specify explicitly that we make a commitment to do not proceed to any kind of tests. Our critical point of view is to assert that education, as such, could not be summed up to a simple binary arbitration. On the contrary, we defend a conceptual approach.

Suggested Citation

  • Bazin Damien & Bhukuth Augendra, 2009. "An Analysis of Parents' Strategies of Child Labour and Education in Developing Countries," Economic Analysis, Institute of Economic Sciences, vol. 42(1-2), pages 7-18.
  • Handle: RePEc:ibg:eajour:v:42:y:2009:i:1-2:p:7-18

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Steven G. Rivkin & Eric A. Hanushek & John F. Kain, 2005. "Teachers, Schools, and Academic Achievement," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 73(2), pages 417-458, March.
    2. Schneider, Andrea, 2010. "Redistributive taxation vs. education subsidies: Fostering equality and social mobility in an intergenerational model," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 29(4), pages 597-605, August.
    3. Hoyt, William H. & Lee, Kangoh, 1998. "Educational vouchers, welfare effects, and voting," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(2), pages 211-228, June.
    4. McMillan, Robert, 2004. "Competition, incentives, and public school productivity," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(9-10), pages 1871-1892, August.
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    More about this item


    Child labour; education; informal sector;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J44 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Professional Labor Markets and Occupations


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