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Are Investment and Savings Cointegrated? Evidence from Middle East and North African Countries

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  • Helmi Hamdi
  • Rashid Sbia

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to empirically examine the relationship between saving and investment for 6 Middle East and North African Countries for the period 1980-2008. To this end, we use panel cointegration analysis and Error Correction Model. The long run estimation reveals causality between investment and saving for the entire sample. The Granger causality tests confirm this result and validate the presence of bidirectional causal relationship between investment and saving. However, the short run estimation shows no causality between the two variables for the entire sample. At the individual level, saving Granger cause investment for Bahrain and Saudi Arabia only.

Suggested Citation

  • Helmi Hamdi & Rashid Sbia, 2013. "Are Investment and Savings Cointegrated? Evidence from Middle East and North African Countries," The International Journal of Business and Finance Research, The Institute for Business and Finance Research, vol. 7(4), pages 103-113.
  • Handle: RePEc:ibf:ijbfre:v:7:y:2013:i:4:p:103-113
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. De Vita, Glauco & Abbott, Andrew, 2002. "Are saving and investment cointegrated? An ARDL bounds testing approach," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 77(2), pages 293-299, October.
    2. Chinn, Menzie D. & Ito, Hiro, 2007. "Current account balances, financial development and institutions: Assaying the world "saving glut"," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 26(4), pages 546-569, June.
    3. Corbin, Annie, 2001. "Country specific effect in the Feldstein-Horioka paradox: a panel data analysis," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 72(3), pages 297-302, September.
    4. Feldstein, Martin & Horioka, Charles, 1980. "Domestic Saving and International Capital Flows," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 90(358), pages 314-329, June.
    5. Apergis, Nicholas & Tsoulfidis, Lefteris, 1997. "The relationship between saving and finance: theory and evidence from E.U. countries," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(4), pages 333-358, December.
    6. Tamim Bayoumi, 1990. "Saving-Investment Correlations: Immobile Capital, Government Policy, or Endogenous Behavior?," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 37(2), pages 360-387, June.
    7. Argimon, Isabel & Roldan, JoseMaria, 1994. "Saving, investment and international capital mobility in EC countries," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 59-67, January.
    8. James Ang, 2007. "Are saving and investment cointegrated? The case of Malaysia (1965-2003)," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(17), pages 2167-2174.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Hamdi, Helmi & Sbia, Rashid, 2013. "Dynamic relationships between oil revenues, government spending and economic growth in an oil-dependent economy," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 118-125.
    2. repec:rss:jnljbs:v2i3p2 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Hakimi, Abdelaziz & Hamdi, Helmi, 2015. "How Corruption affect Growth in MENA region? Fresh Evidence from a Panel Cointegration Analysis," MPRA Paper 63750, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Investment; Saving; Cointegration; Causality;

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity

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