IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Semi-Subsistence Farming – Prospects for the Small Romanian Farmer to Choose between a “Way of Living” or Efficiency


  • Giurca, Daniela

    (P.M.U. of “Modernizing Agricultural Knowledge and Information Systems”, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development)


“Subsistence and semi-subsistence farming” has been a research topic in the last decades on which a generally agreed definition was not reached yet. The main approaches to this subject are based on some criteria such as: farm size, economic size and market participation. In the context of the last 2 waves of EU enlargement, the subsistence farming, a specific phenomenon in the New EU Member States that occurred as a result of the transition economies and land reforms, induced important social implications in the rural area and considerable development gaps between the Old Member States and the New ones. For efficiency and competitiveness reasons, with the Common Agricultural Policy a special rural measure was designed to support the drive to commercialization of subsistence and semi-subsistence farms in the NMS. For the practical implementation of this measure, the generally definition for semi-subsistence farming in the context of the NMS has been agreed as “the farm producing mainly for self-consumption, but also selling a certain part of the production”, in which the “surplus” part that is sold has a degree of regularity and consistency. This issue was debated in the new Member States (NSM), before the elaboration of the National Rural Development Plans, being tackled through the local characteristics of each NMS, depending on the development level of the respective economies, correlated with the degree of general modernization of the society and with the accuracy of the available data. This paper intends to present some options for different types of small Romanian farmers to overpass the semi-subsistence status and become commercial, using the support options provided by CAP.

Suggested Citation

  • Giurca, Daniela, 2008. "Semi-Subsistence Farming – Prospects for the Small Romanian Farmer to Choose between a “Way of Living” or Efficiency," Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Institute of Agricultural Economics, vol. 5(3-4), pages 215-230, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:iag:reviea:v:5:y:2008:i:3-4:p:215-230

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Nicola Galluzzo, 2016. "Role Of Financial Subsidies Allocated By The Cap And Out Emigration In Romanian Rural Areas," Annals - Economy Series, Constantin Brancusi University, Faculty of Economics, vol. 3, pages 218-224, June.

    More about this item


    semi-subsistence farming; rural development; New Member States; measures of National Rural Development Plans; Romanian farmers;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q01 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Sustainable Development
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy; Animal Welfare Policy


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:iag:reviea:v:5:y:2008:i:3-4:p:215-230. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no bibliographic references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Corina Saman (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.