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Genesis and foundations of the multiplier: Marx, Kalecki and Keynes


  • Serena Sordi

    () (Università di Siena - Dipartimento di Politica Economica, Finanza e Sviluppo)

  • Alessandro Vercelli

    () (Università di Siena - Dipartimento di Politica Economica, Finanza e Sviluppo)


This article explores the Marxian roots of the multiplier in order to clarify its foundations and validity conditions. The authors argue that from Marx’s analysis of the evolution of institutions and technology of exchange crucial insights may be derived. In the light of this analysis Kalecki reformulated Marx’s reproduction schemes as an instrument to understand and control the dynamics of a capitalist economy. Though the focus is restricted to the first two volumes of Capital and Kalecki’s early contributions, we can draw from these works valuable understanding into the theoretical and empirical scope of the Kahn-Keynes multiplier and its implications for contemporary macroeconomic problems.

Suggested Citation

  • Serena Sordi & Alessandro Vercelli, 2012. "Genesis and foundations of the multiplier: Marx, Kalecki and Keynes," History of Economic Ideas, Fabrizio Serra Editore, Pisa - Roma, vol. 20(2), pages 137-156.
  • Handle: RePEc:hid:journl:v:20:y:2012:2:6:p:137-156

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    Cited by:

    1. Galanis, Giorgos & Veneziani, Roberto & Yoshihara, Naoki, 2016. "Growth, Exploitation and Class Inequalities," Discussion Paper Series 636, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • B23 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought since 1925 - - - Econometrics; Quantitative and Mathematical Studies
    • B41 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology - - - Economic Methodology
    • E11 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Marxian; Sraffian; Kaleckian
    • E12 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Keynes; Keynesian; Post-Keynesian; Modern Monetary Theory


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