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Environmental Legislation in China: Achievements, Challenges and Trends

Author

Listed:
  • Zhilin Mu

    () (Environment Protection and Resources Conservation Committee of the National People's Congress, Beijing 100805, China)

  • Shuchun Bu

    () (Office of Development and Reform, Yancheng Institute of Technology, Yancheng 224051, China)

  • Bing Xue

    () (Key Lab of Pollution Ecology and Environmental Engineering, Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 10016, China
    Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS), Potsdam 14467, Germany)

Abstract

Compared to the environmental legislation of many developed countries, China’s environmental legislation was initiated late, beginning in 1979, but nevertheless has obtained considerable achievements. As many as thirty environmental laws have provided rules regarding prevention and control of pollution, resource utilization, and ecological protection in China. However, China’s environmental legislation still faces a series of challenges and problems, including that the sustainable development concept has not yet been fully implemented, as well as presence of gaps and non-coordination phenomena between laws and regulations, unclear responsibility, imperfect system design, imbalance between rights and obligations, higher impacts resulted from the GDP-centralized economy, lack of operability and instruments in the legal content, as well as difficulty of public participation. In contrast, China’s environmental legislation has improved, as a result of learning from experience in developed countries and introducing innovations stimulated by domestic environmental pressure. Looking into the future, increased attention to environmental protection and ecological consciousness paid by China’s new leaders will bring a valuable opportunity to China’s further development concerning environmental legislation. In the future, there are prospects for the gradual improvement of legal approaches, continuous improvements of legislation to mitigate environmental problems, and more opportunities to strengthen public participation can be predicted.

Suggested Citation

  • Zhilin Mu & Shuchun Bu & Bing Xue, 2014. "Environmental Legislation in China: Achievements, Challenges and Trends," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(12), pages 1-13, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:6:y:2014:i:12:p:8967-8979:d:43173
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. James K. Hammitt & Fangli Geng & Xiaoqi Guo & Chris P. Nielsen, 2019. "Valuing mortality risk in China: Comparing stated-preference estimates from 2005 and 2016," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Springer, vol. 58(2), pages 167-186, June.
    2. Jianhuan Huang & Jiejin Xia, 2016. "Regional Competition, Heterogeneous Factors and Pollution Intensity in China: A Spatial Econometric Analysis," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(2), pages 1-26, February.
    3. Rongzhen Ma & Yuh-Shan Ho, 2016. "Comparison of environmental laws publications in Science Citation Index Expanded and Social Science Index: a bibliometric analysis," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 109(1), pages 227-239, October.
    4. Bing Xue & Mario Tobias, 2015. "Sustainability in China: Bridging Global Knowledge with Local Action," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(4), pages 1-7, March.
    5. Mehran Idris Khan & Yen-Chiang Chang, 2018. "Environmental Challenges and Current Practices in China—A Thorough Analysis," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(7), pages 1-20, July.
    6. repec:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:2:p:171:d:63873 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    environmental legislation; sustainable development; legislative innovation;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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