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Hazards and Risks of Engineered Nanoparticles for the Environment and Human Health

Author

Listed:
  • Danail Hristozov

    () (Malsch TechnoValuation, Vondellaan 90, 3521 GH Utrecht, The Netherlands)

  • Ineke Malsch

    () (Malsch TechnoValuation, Vondellaan 90, 3521 GH Utrecht, The Netherlands)

Abstract

The objectives of this article are to: (1) investigate the current state of knowledge of the risks of engineered nanoparticles for the environment and human health, (2) estimate whether this knowledge is sufficient to facilitate their comprehensive and effective risk assessment and (3) provide recommendations on future research in the field of risk assessment of nanomaterials. In order to meet the objectives, the relevance of each of the four steps of the risk assessment methodology ( i.e. , hazard identification, dose-response assessment, exposure assessment and risk characterization) was evaluated in the context of the current state of knowledge of the risks of nanomaterials, limitations were identified and recommendations were given on how to overcome them.

Suggested Citation

  • Danail Hristozov & Ineke Malsch, 2009. "Hazards and Risks of Engineered Nanoparticles for the Environment and Human Health," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 1(4), pages 1-34, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:1:y:2009:i:4:p:1161-1194:d:6359
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    engineered nanoparticles; risk assessment; hazard identification; dose-response assessment; exposure assessment; risk characterization; environmental sustainability; human health;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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