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Agroecology Development in Eastern Europe—Cases in Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and Slovakia

Author

Listed:
  • Jan Moudrý

    () (Faculty of Agriculture, University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice, Studentska 1668, 37005 Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic)

  • Jaroslav Bernas

    () (Faculty of Agriculture, University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice, Studentska 1668, 37005 Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic)

  • Jan Moudrý

    () (Faculty of Agriculture, University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice, Studentska 1668, 37005 Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic)

  • Petr Konvalina

    () (Faculty of Agriculture, University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice, Studentska 1668, 37005 Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic)

  • Apolka Ujj

    () (Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Szent István University Gödöllö, Páter Károly u. 1, H-2100 Gödöllö, Hungary)

  • Ivan Manolov

    () (Faculty of Agronomy, Agricultural University Plovdiv, Mendeleev Blvd. 12, 4000 Plovdiv, Bulgaria)

  • Atanaska Stoeva

    () (Faculty of Agronomy, Agricultural University Plovdiv, Mendeleev Blvd. 12, 4000 Plovdiv, Bulgaria)

  • Ewa Rembiałkowska

    () (Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska 159 C, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland)

  • Jarosław Stalenga

    () (Department of Systems and Economics of Crop Production, Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation, State Research Institute, ul. Czartoryskich 8, 24-100 Puławy, Poland)

  • Ion Toncea

    () (National Agricultural Research Institute Fundulea, Innovation and Technical Assistance Centre for Ecological Agriculture, Nicolae Titulescu 1, 915200 Fundulea, Romania)

  • Avram Fitiu

    () (Agricultural Faculty, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, CaleaManastur 3-5, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania)

  • Daniel Bucur

    () (Faculty of Agriculture, Ion Ionescu de la Brad University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Iasi, Aleea Mihail Sadoveanu 3, 700490 Iasi, Romania)

  • Magdalena Lacko-Bartošová

    () (Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Tr A. Hlinku 2, 94976 Nitra, Slovakia)

  • Milan Macák

    () (Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Tr A. Hlinku 2, 94976 Nitra, Slovakia)

Abstract

Agroecology is a discipline of science that is based on several disciplines, primarily ecology and agronomy. Although the first mention of agroecology was more than 100 years ago, it has recently been more intensely developed throughout Eastern European countries, beginning in the 1990s. Basically, such interest developed due to the intensification of agriculture in the second half of the 20th century, which was based on the premise of agricultural research, and related specifically to production. Agroecology is also strongly associated with sustainable agricultural activities, especially organic farming, which began to develop in Eastern European countries around 1990. Due to the unique environment of Eastern European countries, and a combination of several disciplines within them as well as other factors, agroecology in these differing countries can be perceived as somewhat different from one another. This overview focuses on the current state of agroecology in the Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, and Slovakia.

Suggested Citation

  • Jan Moudrý & Jaroslav Bernas & Jan Moudrý & Petr Konvalina & Apolka Ujj & Ivan Manolov & Atanaska Stoeva & Ewa Rembiałkowska & Jarosław Stalenga & Ion Toncea & Avram Fitiu & Daniel Bucur & Magdalena L, 2018. "Agroecology Development in Eastern Europe—Cases in Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and Slovakia," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(5), pages 1-23, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:5:p:1311-:d:142920
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Damyan Kirechev, 2012. "Agri-evironmental policy in Bulgaria and European union: development priorities till 2020," Izvestia Journal of the Union of Scientists - Varna. Economic Sciences Series, Union of Scientists - Varna, Economic Sciences Section, issue 1, pages 33-43, November.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    agroecology; Eastern Europe; organic farming; development;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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