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Development and Validation of the Psychological Well-Being Scale for Children (PWB-c)

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  • Suzanna J. Opree

    () (Erasmus School of History, Culture and Communication ESHCC, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 3000DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands)

  • Moniek Buijzen

    () (Behavioural Science Institute BSI, Radboud University, 6503GG Nijmegen, The Netherlands)

  • Eva A. van Reijmersdal

    () (Amsterdam School of Communication Research ASCoR, University of Amsterdam, 1001NG Amsterdam, The Netherlands)

Abstract

Research into children’s psychological well-being is scarce and fragmented. To be able to study the predictors of children’s psychological well-being and advance the field, a reliable and valid measure is needed. In studies among adults, psychological well-being (PWB) is commonly measured along six dimensions (environmental mastery, personal growth, purpose in life, self-acceptance, autonomy, and positive relations with others) using Ryff’s PWB scale. Because the original scale was too abstract for use among children, we adapted its items to make them suitable for 8- to 12-year-olds. After a successful pretest, we conducted a pilot study ( N = 157) and main study ( N = 1877) to test the statistical properties of our Psychological Well-Being scale for children (PWB-c). Based on confirmatory factor analysis three versions were developed with, respectively, 24, 12, and 6 items. All versions were tested for internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and construct validity. We recommend using the 24- or 12-item versions of the scale, because they score high on all three criteria.

Suggested Citation

  • Suzanna J. Opree & Moniek Buijzen & Eva A. van Reijmersdal, 2018. "Development and Validation of the Psychological Well-Being Scale for Children (PWB-c)," Societies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(1), pages 1-14, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsoctx:v:8:y:2018:i:1:p:18-:d:135405
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Garrett Kafka & Albert Kozma, 2002. "The Construct Validity of Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-Being (SPWB) and their Relationship to Measures of Subjective Well-Being," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 57(2), pages 171-190, February.
    2. Lan Chaplin, 2009. "Please May I Have a Bike? Better Yet, May I Have a Hug? An Examination of Children’s and Adolescents’ Happiness," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, vol. 10(5), pages 541-562, October.
    3. Toby Fattore & Jan Mason & Elizabeth Watson, 2007. "Children’s conceptualisation(s) of their well-being," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 80(1), pages 5-29, January.
    4. Dirk Dierendonck & Dario Díaz & Raquel Rodríguez-Carvajal & Amalio Blanco & Bernardo Moreno-Jiménez, 2008. "Ryff’s Six-factor Model of Psychological Well-being, A Spanish Exploration," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 87(3), pages 473-479, July.
    5. E. Huebner, 2004. "Research on Assessment of Life Satisfaction of Children and Adolescents," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 66(1), pages 3-33, April.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    psychological well-being; children; scale development; scale validation;

    JEL classification:

    • A13 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Social Values
    • A14 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Sociology of Economics
    • P - Economic Systems
    • P0 - Economic Systems - - General
    • P1 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems
    • P2 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies
    • P3 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions
    • P4 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems
    • P5 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems
    • Z1 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics

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