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Causation, spending and taxes: sand in the sandbox or tax collector for the welfare state?

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  • Kevin D. Hoover
  • Steven M. Sheffrin

Abstract

Causal relations between federal expenditure and taxation are analyzed using an approach based on the invariance of econometric relationships in the face of structural interventions. Institutional evidence for interventions or changes of regime combined with econometric tests for structural breaks are used to investigate the relative stability of conditional and marginal probability distributions for each variable. The patterns of stability are the products of underlying causal order. The authors find two distinct causal structures operating in the postwar era. Before the mid-1960s, taxes appear to cause spending. After the late 1960s, taxes and spending are causally independent. Copyright 1992 by American Economic Association.
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

Suggested Citation

  • Kevin D. Hoover & Steven M. Sheffrin, 1990. "Causation, spending and taxes: sand in the sandbox or tax collector for the welfare state?," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, issue Nov.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedfpr:y:1990:i:nov:x:2
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    Keywords

    Taxation ; Expenditures; Public;

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