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Europeanization beyond Europe


  • Schimmelfennig, Frank


This article reviews the literature on Europeanization beyond the group ofEU member, ``quasi-member'' and applicant states. It uses the analysis ofEuropeanization in the applicant states for membership as a theoreticalstarting point to ask if, how and under which conditions we can expectdomestic effects of European integration beyond Europe. Focusing onEuropeanization effects in the areas of regionalism, democracy and humanrights, the article collects findings on the strategies and instruments aswell as the impact and effectiveness of the EU. The general conclusion to bedrawn from the theoretical as well empirical literature is one of lowconsistency and impact. Full online version available at

Suggested Citation

  • Schimmelfennig, Frank, . "Europeanization beyond Europe," Living Reviews in European Governance (LREG), Institute for European integration research (EIF).
  • Handle: RePEc:erp:lregxx:p0004

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