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¿Niña o niño? Un estudio sobre las preferencias de los padres mexicanos por el sexo de sus hijos


  • Andrés Méndez Ruiz

    (Comisión Federal de Competencia)

  • Raymundo M. Campos Vázquez

    (El Colegio de México)


Among Mexican parents child gender has an effect on family structure and fertility decisions. A first-born daughter increases the probability of father absence, of maternal custody in case of marital dissolution, of having more children and of a shorter elapsed period before a new child is born. The collection of evidence suggests that those effects are the result of a preference for sons among parents and not the result of other causes that could explain some of the results separately.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrés Méndez Ruiz & Raymundo M. Campos Vázquez, 2013. "¿Niña o niño? Un estudio sobre las preferencias de los padres mexicanos por el sexo de sus hijos," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 28(2), pages 217-248.
  • Handle: RePEc:emx:esteco:v:28:y:2013:i:2:p:217-248

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    More about this item


    fertility; family structure; preference for sons; Mexico;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean


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