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Authentic leadership, work engagement and organizational citizenship behaviors in petroleum company


  • Mohamed Saeed Al Sahi AL Zaabi
  • Kamarul Zaman Ahmad
  • Chowdhury Hossan


Purpose - – The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between authentic leadership (AL), work engagement (WE), and organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB) among United Arab Emirates (UAE) nationals working in the petroleum sector. This study further intends to examine the mediating effect of psychological empowerment (PE) on above mentioned relationship. Design/methodology/approach - – Quantitative method involving self-reported questionnaire was used in this study. Data were collected from 189 UAE national employees from one of the major petroleum companies in the UAE. An extensive online questionnaire consisting of 70 questions was designed in Version 2.05+ of LimeSurvey, an open source-based survey tool. Structural equation modeling using Lisrel was deployed to examine the relationship between AL, PE, WE, and OCB. Findings - – The results revealed that AL significantly increases WE and OCB. Results also indicated that PE increases the strength of relationship between AL with WE and OCB while acting as a mediator. Practical implications - – The research results suggested that leaders and discussion makers in the petroleum sector in UAE should encourage their managers to adopt a more AL style. Given that AL is strongly related to WE, PE, and OCB, AL training programs is consequently important in building employees that would be more empowered and engaged. Originality/value - – This study contributes to organizational behavior and industrial psychology literature. The study is unique in respect to the research model that was developed and validated. It’s one of the first attempts to empirically investigate the direct relationship among AL, PE, WE, and OCB in Middle-East context. This study was conducted in UAE, where AL concept has been rarely investigated and finding from this study may help in filling up the gap in knowledge.

Suggested Citation

  • Mohamed Saeed Al Sahi AL Zaabi & Kamarul Zaman Ahmad & Chowdhury Hossan, 2016. "Authentic leadership, work engagement and organizational citizenship behaviors in petroleum company," International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, vol. 65(6), pages 811-830, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:eme:ijppmp:v:65:y:2016:i:6:p:811-830
    DOI: 10.1108/IJPPM-01-2016-0023

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    Cited by:

    1. Natalia Sigaeva & Huseyin Arasli & Emel Ozdemir & Guzide Atai & Emel Capkiner, 2022. "In Search of Effective Gen Z Engagement in the Hospitality Industry: Revisiting Issues of Servant and Authentic Leadership," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(20), pages 1-19, October.
    2. Hyo Sun Jung & Kyung Hwa Seo & Hye Hyun Yoon, 2020. "The Importance of Leader Integrity on Family Restaurant Employees’ Engagement and Organizational Citizenship Behaviors: Exploring Sustainability of Employees’ Generational Differences," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(6), pages 1-12, March.
    3. Jing Zhang & Lynda J. Song & Yue Wang & Guangjian Liu, 2018. "How authentic leadership influences employee proactivity: the sequential mediating effects of psychological empowerment and core self-evaluations and the moderating role of employee political skill," Frontiers of Business Research in China, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 1-21, December.
    4. Ahmed Hassan Abdou & Majed Abdulaziz Al Abdulathim & Nadia Rebhi Hussni Hasan & Maha Hassan Ahmed Salah & Howayda Said Ahmed Mohamed Ali & Nancy J. Kamel, 2023. "From Green Inclusive Leadership to Green Organizational Citizenship: Exploring the Mediating Role of Green Work Engagement and Green Organizational Identification in the Hotel Industry Context," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 15(20), pages 1-22, October.
    5. Ampofo Isaac Atta Junior & Mary Kuranchie, 2021. "The Effect Of Authentic Leadership On Organizational Citizenship Behavior: The Moderating Role Of Organizational Politics," Cultural Communication and Socialization Journal (CCSJ), Zibeline International Publishing, vol. 2(1), pages 13-26, March.
    6. Mariola Laguna & Karolina Walachowska & Marjan J. Gorgievski-Duijvesteijn & Juan A. Moriano, 2019. "Authentic Leadership and Employees’ Innovative Behaviour: A Multilevel Investigation in Three Countries," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 16(21), pages 1-17, October.
    7. Santoshi Sengupta & Swati Sharma & Aishwarya Singh, 2021. "Authentic Leadership Fostering Creativity in Start-ups: Mediating Role of Work Engagement and Employee Task Proactivity," Business Perspectives and Research, , vol. 9(2), pages 235-251, May.
    8. Anouk Decuypere & Wilmar Schaufeli, 2021. "Exploring the Leadership–Engagement Nexus: A Moderated Meta-Analysis and Review of Explaining Mechanisms," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 18(16), pages 1-34, August.
    9. Santiago Leal Paredes & Jaime O. Salomon & Jaime Rivera Camino, 2021. "Impact of Authentic Leadership on Work Engagement and Organizational Citizenship Behavior: The Meditating Role of Motivation for Work," International Journal of Economics & Business Administration (IJEBA), International Journal of Economics & Business Administration (IJEBA), vol. 0(3), pages 3-31.


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