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Exploring the Philippine economic landscape and structural change using the input-output framework


  • Nedelyn Magtibay-Ramos
  • Gemma Esther Estrada
  • Jesus Felipe


Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the degree of structural change of the Philippine economy and examine how linkages among sectors evolved during 1979-2000. Design/methodology/approach - The authors use the input-output tables of the Philippines to draw the economic landscape of the Philippines and to examine the degree of structural transformation that the economy has undergone since the 1970s. They perform a linkage analysis of 11 major economic sectors and through the multiplier product matrix, plot the economic landscape of the Philippines for 1979-2000. This allows identification of the sectors that have exhibited the highest intersectoral linkages. The authors also undertake a more disaggregated analysis within manufacturing and consider export sophistication and competitiveness. Findings - Manufacturing is consistently the key sector of the Philippine economy. Resource and scale-intensive manufacturing industries exhibit the highest linkages. The authors also find a growing impact on the economy of private services and transportation, communication and storage sectors, probably due to the globalization of these activities. But overall, compared to manufacturing, the service sector exhibits lower intersectoral linkages. Originality/value - The economic landscape of the Philippines shows the structural changes that have taken place. The empirical findings lead to the conclusion that the Philippines cannot afford to leapfrog the industrialization stage and depend solely on a service-oriented economy, when the potential for growth still lies primarily on manufacturing. The results of this study can be used for government policy formulation. The government should institute policy reforms that directly target the industrial sector to accelerate economic growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Nedelyn Magtibay-Ramos & Gemma Esther Estrada & Jesus Felipe, 2011. "Exploring the Philippine economic landscape and structural change using the input-output framework," International Journal of Development Issues, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 10(1), pages 34-59, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:eme:ijdipp:v:10:y:2011:i:1:p:34-59

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    More about this item


    Input/output analysis; Philippines; Economic development; Economic sectors;

    JEL classification:

    • D57 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Input-Output Tables and Analysis
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development


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