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Evaluation of new socialist countryside development in China

Author

Listed:
  • Xiang-Yu Guo
  • Zhi-Gang Yu
  • Todd Schmit
  • Brian Henehan
  • Dan Li

Abstract

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the level of new socialist countryside (NSC) construction among different provinces in China. China prioritized a NSC reform policy in 2005 to address the growing disparities in incomes and living standards between rural and urban populations. These policies are evaluated to measure the extent of effective reform concerning farmer, agricultural, and rural economic development. Design/methodology/approach - An index system is developed and factor analysis is performed to describe the relative contributions of economic reform. Aggregate index scores are computed to rank provincial progress. Findings - Rankings indicate the progression of rural economic reform is moderate, at best, and mostly isolated to well-developed eastern provinces. Reform growth is also uneven across similarly rural provinces, indicating a need for continued attention in these poorer areas. Originality/value - Continued applications of the index and scoring procedure developed here will provide useful insights as time progresses and reform efforts continue.

Suggested Citation

  • Xiang-Yu Guo & Zhi-Gang Yu & Todd Schmit & Brian Henehan & Dan Li, 2009. "Evaluation of new socialist countryside development in China," China Agricultural Economic Review, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 1(3), pages 314-326, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:eme:caerpp:v:1:y:2009:i:3:p:314-326
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-766, May.
    2. Khan, Azizur Rahman & Riskin, Carl, 2001. "Inequality and Poverty in China in the Age of Globalization," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195136494.
    3. Chen, Shaohua & Ravallion, Martin, 1996. "Data in transition: Assessing rural living standards in Southern China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 23-56.
    4. Rozelle, Scott & Park, Albert & Benziger, Vincent & Changqing Ren, 1998. "Targeted poverty investments and economic growth in China," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 26(12), pages 2137-2151, December.
    5. Riskin, Carl, 1994. "Chinese Rural Poverty: Marginalized or Dispersed?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, pages 281-284.
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    Cited by:

    1. Gu, Hongyan & Jiao, Yuanmei & Liang, Luohui, 2012. "Strengthening the socio-ecological resilience of forest-dependent communities: The case of the Hani Rice Terraces in Yunnan, China," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(C), pages 53-59.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    China; Factor analysis; Rural economies;

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