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Pollution as one of the Determinants of Migration: Evidence for Mexico

Author

Listed:
  • Héctor González García

    () (Candidato a doctor en Ciencias Sociales por el Tecnológico de Monterrey, campus Monterrey. Monterrey, N.L. Mexico)

  • José de Jesús Salazar Cantú

    () (Profesor de planta, Departamento de Economía, Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey (itesm), campus Monterrey. Monterrey, N.L. Mexico.)

  • Raymundo Cruz Rodríguez Guajardo

    () (Profesor de planta, Departamento de Economía, Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey (itesm), campus Monterrey. Monterrey, N.L. Mexico.)

Abstract

Different variables have been proposed to explain the migration phenomenon; recently, environmental degradation has been increasingly prevalent in the literature as a determinant of migration. According to Jha and Whalley (2003), the environment-migration relationship can be theoretically demonstrated using the traditional Harris-Todaro (1970) model of rural and urban migration, in which the unemployment variable, if interpreted as damage, can be replaced by pollution. Using a cross-section model we present, in this study, evidence for Mexico to support Jha and Whalley, finding a positive relationship between migration and pollution.

Suggested Citation

  • Héctor González García & José de Jesús Salazar Cantú & Raymundo Cruz Rodríguez Guajardo, 2012. "Pollution as one of the Determinants of Migration: Evidence for Mexico," Economía Mexicana NUEVA ÉPOCA, , vol. 0(1), pages 69-92, January-J.
  • Handle: RePEc:emc:ecomex:v:21:y:2012:i:1:p:69-92
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    migration; pollution; Mexico; Harris-Todaro.;

    JEL classification:

    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • Q52 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Pollution Control Adoption and Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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