Pollution as one of the Determinants of Migration: Evidence for Mexico
Different variables have been proposed to explain the migration phenomenon; recently, environmental degradation has been increasingly prevalent in the literature as a determinant of migration. According to Jha and Whalley (2003), the environment-migration relationship can be theoretically demonstrated using the traditional Harris-Todaro (1970) model of rural and urban migration, in which the unemployment variable, if interpreted as damage, can be replaced by pollution. Using a cross-section model we present, in this study, evidence for Mexico to support Jha and Whalley, finding a positive relationship between migration and pollution.
Volume (Year): XXI (2012)
Issue (Month): 1 (January-June)
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