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La demanda de alcohol entre los jóvenes españoles desde una perspectiva de género

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  • Gil Lacruz, Ana Isabel

    (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid)

Abstract

The main goal of this paper is to analyze the demand for alcoholic beverages among Spanish young males and females. To that end, we develop an empirical model which combines elements from the Theory of Two-Stage Budgeting and the Theory of Addiction in a Quadratic Almost Ideal Demand System. We carry out the estimations with data mainly drawn from the Spanish National Survey on Drug Use in the School Population (2000). As a main result we highlight that lower purchasing power reduces the budget share allocated to buy alcoholic beverages, so fiscal policies will reduce the alcohol demand among teenagers. There is also empirical evidence that wine behaves as ordinary goods for women, whereas beer and spirits are luxury goods for men.// El objetivo principal de este artículo es analizar la demanda de bebidas alcohólicas entre los jóvenes españoles desde una perspectiva de género. Desarrollamos un marco empírico que combina elementos de las teorías de desagregación del presupuesto y de la adicción mediante un sistema de demanda cuadrático casi ideal. La estimación se concreta en la sociedad española con la Encuesta sobre Drogas a la Población Escolar (2000). Entre los principales resultados destacamos que una menor capacidad adquisitiva del individuo (vía incremento de precios o reducción del gasto) contiene la participación presupuestaria destinada a la compra de bebidas alcohólicas, por lo que las políticas fiscales son efectivas en la reducción del consumo de alcohol entre los adolescentes. La cerveza y, sobre todo, los licores son bienes de lujo para los hombres, mientras que para las mujeres el vino representa un bien normal ordinario.

Suggested Citation

  • Gil Lacruz, Ana Isabel, 2009. "La demanda de alcohol entre los jóvenes españoles desde una perspectiva de género," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(304), pages 921-939, octubre-d.
  • Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:76:y:2009:i:304:p:921-939
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20430/ete.v76i304.500
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    File URL: http://www.eltrimestreeconomico.com.mx/index.php/te/article/view/500/538
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    demand; alcoholic beverages; gender; young people; addiction; QUAIDS; demanda; alcohol; género; adolescentes; adicción; Sistema de demanda cuadrático casi ideal;

    JEL classification:

    • D0 - Microeconomics - - General
    • D1 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior
    • I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health

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