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Permisos comerciables de emisión en Chile. Lecciones, desafíos y oportunidades para países en desarrollo

Listed author(s):
  • Calfucura, Enrique

    (Universidad Diego Portales)

  • Coria, Jessica

    (Universidad de Gotemburgo y Universidad Diego Portales)

  • Sánchez, José Miguel

    (Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile)

Chile has pioneered the implementation of emission offseting programs pursuing simultaneously economic growth and environmental protection. In this paper, emission trading programs implemented in Santiago of Chile are analyzed and its relevance for developing countries is evaluated. It is argued that emission trading programs can be the best tool to deal with air pollution problems even in cases in which the institutional capacities are not well developed. Moreover, the inclusion of the transport system into the emission trading programs and the possibility of moving towards a system of interpollutant exchange are both nouvelle and relevant elements in the context of air pollution control policies. However, these innovations involve rather more complex elements in the design of emission trading programs.// Chile ha sido precursor en la utilización de programas de compensación de emisiones con el objetivo de compatibilizar el crecimiento económico con la protección medioambiental. En este trabajo se analiza la aplicación de programas de transacción de emisiones del área metropolitana de Santiago de Chile y se evalúa su pertinencia para países en desarrollo. Se argumenta que programas de transacción de emisiones pueden ser el mejor instrumento para enfrentar los problemas de contaminación del aire, incluso en el caso en que las capacidades institucionales no estén bien desarrolladas. Además, la incorporación del sistema de transportes dentro de los programas de transacción de emisiones, así como la posibilidad de avanzar hacia un sistema de transacción, en el que se traten diferentes contaminantes, son elementos novedosos y relevantes en el contexto de las políticas para el control de la contaminación atmosférica. No obstante, dichas innovaciones comprenden elementos más complejos en la elaboración de instrumentos de programas de transacción de emisiones.

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Article provided by Fondo de Cultura Económica in its journal El Trimestre Económico.

Volume (Year): LXXVI (4) (2009)
Issue (Month): 304 (octubre-diciembre)
Pages: 1027-1069

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Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:76:y:2009:i:304:p:1027-1069
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