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Crecimiento pro pobre en Chile

  • Contreras, Dante

    (Universidad de Chile)

  • Cooper, Ryan

    (Universidad de Chile)

  • Neilson, Christopher

    (Universidad de Chile)

Using panel data for the years 1996 and 2001 and cross section data for the years 1990 and 2003, this article evaluates if Chilean growth has been "pro poor". Two methods are used. First the "Growth Incidence Curve" is estimated to study how the income distribution has changed.Second, the relationship between the level of household per capita income in 1996 and its growth between 1996 and 2001 is estimated using parametric and non parametric methods. The results indicate that economic growth has significantly reduced poverty during the oeriod analyzed but that evidence of income convergence is found only for the poorest half of the income distribution.// Con datos de panel para el periodo 1996-2001 y datos de corte transversal para 1990 y 2003, este artículo evalúa si el crecimiento en Chile ha sido “pro pobre”. Se emplean dos metodos: i) se estima la “curva de incidencia del crecimiento” y luego se estima paramétrica y no paramétricamente la relación entre el ingreso per capita de los hogares en 1996 y el cambio en el ingreso de 1996-2001. Los resultados indican que el crecimiento ha incidido significativamente en la reducción de pobreza. Por otra parte, existe evidencia de convergencia para la mitad más pobre de la distribución de ingresos.

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Article provided by Fondo de Cultura Económica in its journal El Trimestre Económico.

Volume (Year): LXXV (4) (2008)
Issue (Month): 300 (octubre-diciembre)
Pages: 931-944

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Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:75:y:2008:i:300:p:931-944
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