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Envejecimiento, salud y economía. La Encuesta Nacional sobre Salud y Envejecimiento en México

Listed author(s):
  • Puig, Andrea

    (University of Pennsylvania)

  • Pagán, José A.

    (University of Texas-Pan American y University of Pennsylvania)

  • Soldo, Beth J.

    (University of Pennsylvania)

Registered author(s):

    Mexico is experiencing a demographic transition in which the percentage of the population older than 50 years of age is growing rapidly as a result of increases in life expectancy. This population has special needs that must be taken into account when formulating policy, especially in terms of access to health care services and social security. In this article we present a general description of the Mexican Health and Aging Survey (MHAS), a panel study that began in 2001 and that provides a unique opportunity to study complex demographic and economic issues through the exploration of personal characteristics, socioeconomic transfers and health indicators for a sample of 15 186 middle and older age adults. We also present the most important results from different studies that have used MHAS up to date. Our review shows that Mexico faces substantial challenges in order to be able to satisfy the demand for health services for a population that is being increasingly threatened by chronic disease, particularly the elderly population that lacks health insurance coverage.// México vive una transición demográfica en la cual el porcentaje de la población mayor de 50 años crece aceleradamente como resultado de un aumento considerable en la esperanza de vida. Dicha población tiene necesidades particulares que deben de ser tomadas en cuenta en la formulación de políticas, sobre todo en materia de acceso a servicios de salud y seguridad social. En este artículo presentamos una descripción general de la Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Envejecimiento (Enasem), un estudio de panel que comenzó en 2001 y que ofrece una oportunidad única para abordar temas demográficos y económicos complejos por medio de la exploración de las características personales, transferencias socioeconómicas e indicadores de salud para una muestra de 15 186 adultos de edad media y avanzada. También presentamos los resultados más relevantes de diferentes estudios que han utilizado la Enasem hasta la fecha. Nuestra revisión indica que México enfrenta desafíos considerables para satisfacer la demanda de servicios médicos para una población que es amenazada por una creciente presencia de enfermedades crónicas, sobre todo para la población de edad avanzada que no cuenta con cobertura de seguro médico.

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    Article provided by Fondo de Cultura Económica in its journal El Trimestre Económico.

    Volume (Year): LXXIII (2) (2006)
    Issue (Month): 290 (abril-junio)
    Pages: 407-418

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    Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:73:y:2006:i:290:p:407-418
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