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Las rentas de las exportaciones y la política comercial con oligopolio

  • Ávalos, Marcos

    (Centro de Alta Dirección en Economía y Negocios (CADEN), Universidad Anáhuac)

  • Ramírez, José Carlos

    (Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey (ITESM), Campus Ciudad de México)

For an oligopolistic industry, this paper analyses how trade policy can depend on the competitive nature of the markets. We study the effects of domestic and foreign mergers on the domestic country’s optimal trade policy and on exports rents and domestic welfare. There are four main results: Firstly, it is shown that if the domestic country pursues its optimal trade policy then it will always lose as a result of a foreign merger. Secondly, when the domestic country pursues its optimal trade policy, a foreign merger will reduce the exports rents. Thirdly, when the domestic government responds optimally to a domestic merger, the domestic merger will not affect domestic welfare. Fourthly. When the domestic government responds optimally to a domestic merger, the domestic merger will not affect exports rents.// Para una industria oligopólica, este ensayo analiza la manera cómo la política comercial puede depender de la naturaleza competitiva de los mercados. Estudiamos los efectos de las fusiones nacionales y extranjeras en la política comercial óptima del país de referencia y en las rentas de las exportaciones y el bienestar interno. Hay cuatro resultados principales: i) se demuestra que si el país de referencia aplica su política comercial óptima, siempre perderá a resultas de una fusión extranjera; ii) cuando el país de referencia aplica su política comercial óptima, una fusión extranjera disminuirá las rentas de las exportaciones; iii) cuando el gobierno responde óptimamente a una fusión interna, ésta no afectará el bienestar nacional, y iv) cuando el gobierno responde óptimamente a una fusión interna, ésta no afectará las rentas de las exportaciones.

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Article provided by Fondo de Cultura Económica in its journal El Trimestre Económico.

Volume (Year): LXXII (3) (2005)
Issue (Month): 287 (julio-septiembre)
Pages: 523-544

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Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:72:y:2005:i:287:p:523-544
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