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Las elasticidades ingreso cíclicas y seculares de la demanda de importaciones en los países en desarrollo

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  • Clavijo, Fernando
  • Faini, Riccardo

Abstract

Introducción. Introducción. Determinar cómo reaccionan las importaciones a los factores cíclicos(de corto plazo) y seculares(de largo plazo) ha sido un tema recurrente en la bibliografía empírica del comercio internacional. La experiencia de varios países demuestra en general que las elasticidades-ingreso cíclicas de la demanda de importaciones son generalmente mayores que las elasticidades seculares(véase Khan y Ross, 1975). Esta diferencia es particularmente marcada en el caso de las materias primas y los bienes intermedios(véase Marston, 1971, y Deepler y Ripley, 1978). Más recientemente, usando el análisis espectral Haynes y Stone(1983) proporcionaron otras evidencias de que las elasticidades-ingreso cíclicas de la demanda exceden generalmente a las elasticidades seculares. Estos hallazgos implican que la elasticidad-ingreso de la demanda de importaciones no es constante sino que variará a lo largo del ciclo económico. Como sostiene Magee(1975), las especificaciones tradicionales de las ecuaciones de importaciones producirán en general estimaciones sesgadas de las elasticidades cíclicas y seculares...

Suggested Citation

  • Clavijo, Fernando & Faini, Riccardo, 1990. "Las elasticidades ingreso cíclicas y seculares de la demanda de importaciones en los países en desarrollo," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(225), pages 89-100, enero-mar.
  • Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:57:y:1990:i:225:p:89-100
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    Cited by:

    1. Thomas M. Fullerton, Jr. & W. Charles Sowyer & Richard L. Sprinkle, 1997. "Functional form for United States-México trade equations," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 12(1), pages 23-35.
    2. Penelope Pacheco-López, 2004. "Does The Impact of Trade Liberalisation on Exports, Imports, the Balance of Payments and Growth: the Case of Mexico," Studies in Economics 0401, School of Economics, University of Kent.

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