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Unconventional monetary policy: between the past and future of monetary economics


  • Mattia Guerini

    (OFCE–Sciences Po, Sophia-Antipolis, France and Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy)

  • Francesco Lamperti

    (Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa and Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei, Milano, Italy)

  • Andrea Mazzocchetti

    (University of Genoa, Italy)


In this paper we discuss some of the monetary policy issues that have involved major central banks worldwide since the 2008 financial crisis, and which remain open. We provide an excursus of the unconventional monetary policies adopted by central banks in the last decade, focusing on the European Central Bank and the Federal Reserve, and we discuss the rationale and efficacy of some unconventional monetary instruments, of inflation targeting and of central-bank independence. We also provide a perspective on possible future developments of monetary policy. We argue that while unconventional monetary policy was useful, there is still ample space for improvement: in the recessions to come, unconventional monetary policy will need to be better coordinated with fiscal, micro- and macro-prudential policies to provide more inclusive results that might positively affect the real economy beyond the financial system.

Suggested Citation

  • Mattia Guerini & Francesco Lamperti & Andrea Mazzocchetti, 2018. "Unconventional monetary policy: between the past and future of monetary economics," European Journal of Economics and Economic Policies: Intervention, Edward Elgar Publishing, vol. 15(2), pages 122-131, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:elg:ejeepi:v:15:y:2018:i:2:p122-131

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    Cited by:

    1. Mazzocchetti, Andrea & Lauretta, Eliana & Raberto, Marco & Teglio, Andrea & Cincotti, Silvano, 2018. "Systemic Financial Risk Indicators and Securitised Assets: an Agent-Based Framework," MPRA Paper 89779, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item


    unconventional monetary policies; inflation targeting; central-bank independence;

    JEL classification:

    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination


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