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La política regional de innovación de la próxima generación: cómo combinar los enfoques del impulso por la ciencia y por el usuario en los sistemas regionales de innovación

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  • Björn Asheim

    (Universidad de Lund y Universidad de Agder)

Abstract

The chapter argues that the next generation of regional innovation policy is a broad based innovation policy. Such a policy means complementing a science and technology driven policy with a more demandbased, user-driven innovation policy. Finland has pioneered such a policy in its new innovation strategy. This reorientation is in line with the innovation system perspective extending the definition of innovation to include innovation as interactive learning. It is also in line with new research confirming that combining the two modes of innovation seems to be the most efficient. The unanswered question is, however, how this can be achieved? In combining the two modes of innovation the cognitive distance between the two modes become crucial. The chapter argues that two ‘bridging mechanism’ could assist in achieving an optimal cognitive distance as a conditions for combining the two modes. The first consists of acknowledging that the science and technology mode is not only restricted to scientific knowledge, but that also, applied and engineering research has to be included. The second is to realize that learning can be developmental and not only reproductive and that learning work organizations have an innovative potential for generating such learning.

Suggested Citation

  • Björn Asheim, 2009. "La política regional de innovación de la próxima generación: cómo combinar los enfoques del impulso por la ciencia y por el usuario en los sistemas regionales de innovación," EKONOMIAZ. Revista vasca de Economía, Gobierno Vasco / Eusko Jaurlaritza / Basque Government, vol. 70(01), pages 106-131.
  • Handle: RePEc:ekz:ekonoz:2009105
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Mikel Navarro, 2010. "Reflexiones sobre el sistema y las políticas de innovación del País Vasco," Working Papers 2010R04, Orkestra - Basque Institute of Competitiveness.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    innovation; region; system; green innovation; clusters; evolution; new-Schumpeterian;

    JEL classification:

    • Q55 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Technological Innovation
    • D85 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Network Formation
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D

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