IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

The "Unintended Consequences" of Confederate Trade Legislation


  • Robert B. Ekelund, Jr.

    () (Auburn University
    Trinity University)

  • John D. Jackson

    (Auburn University)

  • Mark Thornton

    (Ludwig von Mises Institute)


The immediate purpose of this paper is to focus on how import and blockade regulations enacted by the Confederacy affected the course of the war in its final days, but the issue of the economic effects of blockades has broader implications. Economic policies have been used as weapons, at least since the times of Pericles' Megaran Decree in 432 B.C., and have probably only grown in importance as economies have grown less autarkic and more interdependent over time. Since 1790, there have been at least four major global wars that have involved prolonged fighting, heavy losses, and severe bouts of inflation: the Napoleonic Wars, the American Civil War, World War I, and World War II. In all four of these conflicts, embargoes and blockades were an important component of the war planning of the eventual victor.

Suggested Citation

  • Robert B. Ekelund, Jr. & John D. Jackson & Mark Thornton, 2004. "The "Unintended Consequences" of Confederate Trade Legislation," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 30(2), pages 187-205, Spring.
  • Handle: RePEc:eej:eeconj:v:30:y:2004:i:2:p:187-205

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Hetherington, Bruce W. & Kower, Peter J., 2011. "Technological diffusion and the Union blockade," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 310-324, April.
    2. Robert Ekelund & John Jackson & Mark Thornton, 2010. "Desperation votes and private interests: an analysis of Confederate trade legislation," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 144(1), pages 199-214, July.

    More about this item


    Macroeconomics; Transitional Economies;

    JEL classification:

    • N41 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - U.S.; Canada: Pre-1913
    • N71 - Economic History - - Economic History: Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, and Other Services - - - U.S.; Canada: Pre-1913


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eej:eeconj:v:30:y:2004:i:2:p:187-205. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Victor Matheson, College of the Holy Cross). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.