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County-Level Alcohol Availability and Cirrhosis Mortality

Author

Listed:
  • Robert W. Brown

    (University of North Texas)

  • R. Todd Jewell

    (University of North Texas)

Abstract

The paper examines the impact of county-level alcohol availability on heavy drinking, as measured by liver cirrhosis mortality, employing data on the 254 Texas counties. In particular, reducing the number of licensed alcohol vendors raises the travel-cost component of the price of alcohol and, therefore, should lower the rate of cirrhosis mortality. Since the observed level of alcohol availability in a county is endogenous to the interaction of alcohol demand and supply, we follow a two-stage estimation method. The results show a strong positive relationship between cirrhosis mortality and alcohol availability: counties with a higher degree of alcohol availability tend to have more deaths from cirrhosis. Therefore, reducing alcohol availability, as measured by the number of licensed alcohol vendors, can be an important policy tool in reducing heavy drinking.

Suggested Citation

  • Robert W. Brown & R. Todd Jewell, 1996. "County-Level Alcohol Availability and Cirrhosis Mortality," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 22(3), pages 291-301, Summer.
  • Handle: RePEc:eej:eeconj:v:22:y:1996:i:3:p:291-301
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    File URL: http://web.holycross.edu/RePEc/eej/Archive/Volume22/V22N3P291_301.pdf
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Baughman, Reagan & Conlin, Michael & Dickert-Conlin, Stacy & Pepper, John, 2001. "Slippery when wet: the effects of local alcohol access laws on highway safety," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(6), pages 1089-1096, November.
    2. Todd M. Nesbit, 2005. "The Revenue Impacts of Cross-border Sales and Tourism: Wine and Liquor Taxation," Working Papers 05-12 Classification-, Department of Economics, West Virginia University.
    3. Jeuland, Marc & Lucas, Marcelino & Clemens, John & Whittington, Dale, 2010. "Estimating the private benefits of vaccination against cholera in Beira, Mozambique: A travel cost approach," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(2), pages 310-322, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    MOrtality;

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • L66 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Food; Beverages; Cosmetics; Tobacco
    • R22 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Other Demand

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