IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Ethnic Discrimination and Women's Wages in Milwaukee Laundries, 1911-12


  • Thomas J. Hyclak

    (Lehigh University)

  • James B. Stewart

    (Penn State University)


The extent to which ethnic discrimination affected the employment opportunities of immigrants at the turn of the century is a topic of continuing interest to economic historians. While some studies find that immigrants did experience occupational crowding, the evidence regarding the general labor market impact of ethnic discrimination prior to World War I is mixed. This paper extends the analysis of the immigrant assimilation process in large city labor markets by an examination of the determinants of wage rates paid to native and foreign-born women working in Milwaukee power laundries in 1911-12. We find that ethnic identity was not an important wage determinant in this group of workers.

Suggested Citation

  • Thomas J. Hyclak & James B. Stewart, 1994. "Ethnic Discrimination and Women's Wages in Milwaukee Laundries, 1911-12," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 20(3), pages 325-336, Summer.
  • Handle: RePEc:eej:eeconj:v:20:y:1994:i:3:p:325-336

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    Discrimination; Women;

    JEL classification:

    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eej:eeconj:v:20:y:1994:i:3:p:325-336. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Victor Matheson, College of the Holy Cross). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.