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Talent Management and HRM in Multinational companies in Beijing: Definitions, differences and drivers


  • Iles, Paul
  • Chuai, Xin
  • Preece, David


Talent Management (TM) has attracted increasing attention from academics and practitioners in recent years, but there are many gaps and omissions left for further theoretical and empirical development. One line of debate has been whether TM is merely a re-packaging of what already exists, not being distinct from traditional HRM practices or disciplines. The paper has three main components: (i) a review of how 'Talent' and TM has been conceptualised in the literature and the outline of a framework we have derived therefrom which identifies four main perspectives on TM: exclusive-people; exclusive-position; inclusive-people; social capital; (ii) the presentation and analysis of our research findings relating to TM perspectives and practices in seven multinational corporations (MNCs) in Beijing; (iii) a concluding discussion which compares and contrasts our findings with the extant literature and our framework. Six of the companies had adopted 'exclusive' perspectives, seeing TM as 'integrated, selective' HRM. For some, this involved an 'exclusive-people' focus on certain groups of 'high-performing' or 'high-potential' people, whilst for others it meant an 'exclusive-position' focus on certain 'key' positions in the organization. Just one organization had adopted an 'inclusive-people' approach. Two of the companies emphasized 'organizationally focussed competence development', concentrating upon smooth talent flows and development, and moving towards a 'social capital' perspective which took cognizance of networks, contexts and relationships as well as human capital. The implications of our findings for research and practice are outlined.

Suggested Citation

  • Iles, Paul & Chuai, Xin & Preece, David, 2010. "Talent Management and HRM in Multinational companies in Beijing: Definitions, differences and drivers," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 45(2), pages 179-189, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:worbus:v:45:y:2010:i:2:p:179-189

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    Cited by:

    1. Doaa Mirah & Dr. Andrew Rowe & Prof. Carol Atkinson & Dr. Anna Sutton, 2016. "The Impact of Job Performance Enablers on Job Performance Capability: An Empirical Study on Kingdome of Saudi Arabia (KSA) Universities Located in Jeddah," Journal of Business & Management (COES&RJ-JBM), , vol. 4(2), pages 72-92, April.
    2. Mostafa Mohamed Ahmed AlKerdawy, 2016. "The Relationship between Human Resource Management Ambidexterity and Talent Management: The Moderating Role of Electronic Human Resource Management," International Business Research, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 9(6), pages 80-94, June.
    3. Furusawa, Masayuki & Brewster, Chris, 2015. "The bi-cultural option for global talent management: The Japanese/Brazilian Nikkeijin example," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 133-143.
    4. Tatoglu, Ekrem & Glaister, Alison J. & Demirbag, Mehmet, 2016. "Talent management motives and practices in an emerging market: A comparison between MNEs and local firms," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 51(2), pages 278-293.
    5. Nijs, Sanne & Gallardo-Gallardo, Eva & Dries, Nicky & Sels, Luc, 2014. "A multidisciplinary review into the definition, operationalization, and measurement of talent," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 49(2), pages 180-191.
    6. Cooke, Fang Lee & Saini, Debi S. & Wang, Jue, 2014. "Talent management in China and India: A comparison of management perceptions and human resource practices," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 49(2), pages 225-235.
    7. Al Ariss, Akram & Cascio, Wayne F. & Paauwe, Jaap, 2014. "Talent management: Current theories and future research directions," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 49(2), pages 173-179.
    8. Slavich, Barbara & Cappetta, Rossella & Giangreco, Antonio, 2014. "Exploring the link between human resource practices and turnover in multi-brand companies: The role of brand units’ images," European Management Journal, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 177-189.
    9. Yong He & Siwei Gao & Nuo Liao, 2016. "An Intelligent Computing Approach to Evaluating the Contribution Rate of Talent on Economic Growth," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 48(3), pages 399-423, October.
    10. Sidani, Yusuf & Al Ariss, Akram, 2014. "Institutional and corporate drivers of global talent management: Evidence from the Arab Gulf region," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 49(2), pages 215-224.
    11. repec:jso:coejbm:v:4:y:2016:i:2:p:72-92 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Latukha, M. & Veselova, A. & Selivanovskikh, L., 2015. "Talent management practices in emerging market firms: Research agenda," Working Papers 6428, Graduate School of Management, St. Petersburg State University.


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