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Infant feeding patterns on Mauritius Island, 1991


  • Grummer-Strawn, Laurence M.
  • Kalasopatan, Soobrayen
  • Sungkur, J.
  • Friedman, Jay


The 1991 Mauritius Contraceptive Prevalence Survey (CPS) included a special module on infant feeding patterns in Mauritius. Since 1985, when a similar CPS was conducted, the incidence of breast-feeding has fallen from 86% to 72%. The duration of any breast-feeding among those breast-fed remained constant at 13.6 months. The module allowed for an assessment of the World Health Organization (WHO) breast-feeding indicators on exclusive breast-feeding, timely complementary feeding and continued breast-feeding. Only 16% of infants 0-3 months old are exclusively breast-fed; only 29% of infants 6-9 months old receive breast milk and complementary foods and only 27% of children 12-15 months are still breast-fed. These patterns of limited breast-feeding and early supplementation may signal future declines in breast-feeding for other African and Asian countries. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd

Suggested Citation

  • Grummer-Strawn, Laurence M. & Kalasopatan, Soobrayen & Sungkur, J. & Friedman, Jay, 1996. "Infant feeding patterns on Mauritius Island, 1991," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 43(12), pages 1697-1702, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:43:y:1996:i:12:p:1697-1702

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    Cited by:

    1. Hofmann, Jennifer & De Allegri, Manuela & Sarker, Malabika & Sanon, Mamadou & Bhler, Thomas, 2009. "Breast milk as the "water that supports and preserves life"--Socio-cultural constructions of breastfeeding and their implications for the prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV in," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 89(3), pages 322-328, March.


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