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A critical appraisal of the demand/control model of the psychosocial work environment: Epistemological, social, behavioral and class considerations


  • Muntaner, Carles
  • O'Campo, Patricia J.


During the last decade the demand/control model has emerged as the dominant model to explain the relationship between the psychosocial features of work organization and health. Although originating from the field of occupational social epidemiology, the conceptual and methodological basis of the demand/control model parallel construct based models used in social psychology. Using behavioral and sociological perspectives the current paper discusses the model's limitations. Recommendations regarding incorporation of social levels of analysis, the relationship between self-report and behavior. worker vs expert knowledge, and the generalized effects of stress on mental health are discussed to provide a positive heuristic to the demand/control model.

Suggested Citation

  • Muntaner, Carles & O'Campo, Patricia J., 1993. "A critical appraisal of the demand/control model of the psychosocial work environment: Epistemological, social, behavioral and class considerations," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 36(11), pages 1509-1517, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:36:y:1993:i:11:p:1509-1517

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    Cited by:

    1. Elena Cottini & Paolo Ghinetti, 2012. "Working Conditions, Lifestyles and Health," Economics Working Papers 2012-28, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    2. Blanch, Angel, 2016. "Social support as a mediator between job control and psychological strain," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 157(C), pages 148-155.


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