Incorporating topography in a cellular automata model to simulate residents evacuation in a mountain area in China
In China, both the mountainous areas and the number of people who live in mountain areas occupy a significant proportion. When production accidents or natural disasters happen, the residents in mountain areas should be evacuated and the evacuation is of obvious importance to public safety. But it is a pity that there are few studies on safety evacuation in rough terrain. The particularity of the complex terrain in mountain areas, however, makes it difficult to study pedestrian evacuation. In this paper, a three-dimensional surface cellular automata model is proposed to numerically simulate the real time dynamic evacuation of residents. The model takes into account topographic characteristics (the slope gradient) of the environment and the biomechanics characteristics (weight and leg extensor power) of the residents to calculate the walking speed. This paper only focuses on the influence of topography and the physiological parameters are defined as constants according to a statistical report. Velocity varies with the topography. In order to simulate the behavior of a crowd with varying movement velocities, and a numerical algorithm is used to determine the time step of iteration. By doing so, a numerical simulation can be conducted in a 3D surface CA model. Moreover, considering residents evacuation around a gas well in a mountain area as a case, a visualization system for a three-dimensional simulation of pedestrian evacuation is developed. In the simulation process, population behaviors of congestion, queuing and collision avoidance can be observed. The simulation results are explained reasonably. Therefore, the model presented in this paper can realize a 3D dynamic simulation of pedestrian evacuation vividly in complex terrain and predict the evacuation procedure and evacuation time required, which can supply some valuable information for emergency management.
If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Volume (Year): 392 (2013)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://www.journals.elsevier.com/physica-a-statistical-mechpplications/|
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Muramatsu, Masakuni & Nagatani, Takashi, 2000. "Jamming transition of pedestrian traffic at a crossing with open boundaries," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 286(1), pages 377-390.
- Burstedde, C & Klauck, K & Schadschneider, A & Zittartz, J, 2001. "Simulation of pedestrian dynamics using a two-dimensional cellular automaton," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 295(3), pages 507-525.
- Taku Fujiyama & Nick Tyler, 2010. "Predicting the walking speed of pedestrians on stairs," Transportation Planning and Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(2), pages 177-202, January.
- Muramatsu, Masakuni & Nagatani, Takashi, 2000. "Jamming transition in two-dimensional pedestrian traffic," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 275(1), pages 281-291.
- Nagatani, Takashi, 2001. "Dynamical transition and scaling in a mean-field model of pedestrian flow at a bottleneck," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 300(3), pages 558-566.
- Weifeng, Yuan & Kang Hai, Tan, 2007. "A novel algorithm of simulating multi-velocity evacuation based on cellular automata modeling and tenability condition," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 379(1), pages 250-262.
- Muramatsu, Masakuni & Irie, Tunemasa & Nagatani, Takashi, 1999. "Jamming transition in pedestrian counter flow," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 267(3), pages 487-498.
- Tajima, Yusuke & Nagatani, Takashi, 2001. "Scaling behavior of crowd flow outside a hall," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 292(1), pages 545-554.
- Tajima, Yusuke & Nagatani, Takashi, 2002. "Clogging transition of pedestrian flow in T-shaped channel," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 303(1), pages 239-250.
- Tajima, Yusuke & Takimoto, Kouhei & Nagatani, Takashi, 2001. "Scaling of pedestrian channel flow with a bottleneck," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 294(1), pages 257-268.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:phsmap:v:392:y:2013:i:3:p:520-528. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Zhang, Lei)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.