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Limb dominance changes in walking evolution explored by asymmetric correlations in gait dynamics

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  • Echeverria, Juan C.
  • Rodriguez, Eduardo
  • Velasco, Alejandra
  • Alvarez-Ramirez, Jose

Abstract

Fluctuations in the stride interval time series of unconstrained walking are not random but seem to exhibit long-range correlations that decay as a power law (Hausdorff et al. (1995) [35]). Here, we examine whether asymmetries are present in the long-range correlations of different gait parameters (stride, swing and stance intervals) for the left and right limbs. Gait dynamics corresponding to 16 healthy subjects were obtained from the Physionet database, which contains stride, stance and swing intervals for both left and right limbs. Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (DFA) revealed the presence of asymmetric long-range correlations in all gait cycle variables investigated. A rich variety of scaling exponent dynamics was found, with the presence of synchronicity, decreased correlations and dominant correlations. The results are discussed in terms of the hypothesis that reduced strength of long-range correlations reflect both enhanced stability and adaptability.

Suggested Citation

  • Echeverria, Juan C. & Rodriguez, Eduardo & Velasco, Alejandra & Alvarez-Ramirez, Jose, 2010. "Limb dominance changes in walking evolution explored by asymmetric correlations in gait dynamics," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 389(8), pages 1625-1634.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:phsmap:v:389:y:2010:i:8:p:1625-1634
    DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2009.12.025
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Hausdorff, Jeffrey M. & Ashkenazy, Yosef & Peng, Chang-K. & Ivanov, Plamen Ch. & Stanley, H.Eugene & Goldberger, Ary L., 2001. "When human walking becomes random walking: fractal analysis and modeling of gait rhythm fluctuations," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 302(1), pages 138-147.
    2. Gates, Deanna H. & Su, Jimmy L. & Dingwell, Jonathan B., 2007. "Possible biomechanical origins of the long-range correlations in stride intervals of walking," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 380(C), pages 259-270.
    3. Bartsch, Ronny & Plotnik, Meir & Kantelhardt, Jan W. & Havlin, Shlomo & Giladi, Nir & Hausdorff, Jeffrey M., 2007. "Fluctuation and synchronization of gait intervals and gait force profiles distinguish stages of Parkinson's disease," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 383(2), pages 455-465.
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    Cited by:

    1. Alvarez-Ramirez, J. & Echeverria, J.C. & Meraz, M. & Rodriguez, E., 2017. "Asymmetric acceleration/deceleration dynamics in heart rate variability," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 479(C), pages 213-224.
    2. Lahmiri, Salim, 2017. "Parkinson’s disease detection based on dysphonia measurements," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 471(C), pages 98-105.

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