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Stylized facts of financial markets and market crashes in Minority Games


  • Challet, Damien
  • Marsili, Matteo
  • Zhang, Yi-Cheng


We present and study a Minority Game based model of a financial market where adaptive agents—the speculators—interact with deterministic agents—called producers. Speculators trade only if they detect predictable patterns which grant them a positive gain. Indeed the average number of active speculators grows with the amount of information that producers inject into the market. Transitions between equilibrium and out of equilibrium behavior are observed when the relative number of speculators to the complexity of information or to the number of producers are changed. When the system is out of equilibrium, stylized facts arise, such as fat tailed distribution of returns and volatility clustering. Without speculators, the price follows a random walk; this implies that stylized facts arise because of the presence of speculators. Furthermore, if speculators abandon price taking behavior, stylized facts disappear.

Suggested Citation

  • Challet, Damien & Marsili, Matteo & Zhang, Yi-Cheng, 2001. "Stylized facts of financial markets and market crashes in Minority Games," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 294(3), pages 514-524.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:phsmap:v:294:y:2001:i:3:p:514-524
    DOI: 10.1016/S0378-4371(01)00103-0

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