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The way forward with ecosystem-based management in tropical contexts: Reconciling with existing management systems

Author

Listed:
  • Aswani, Shankar
  • Christie, Patrick
  • Muthiga, Nyawira A.
  • Mahon, Robin
  • Primavera, Jurgenne H.
  • Cramer, Lori A.
  • Barbier, Edward B.
  • Granek, Elise F.
  • Kennedy, Chris J.
  • Wolanski, Eric
  • Hacker, Sally

Abstract

This paper discusses some of the challenges and opportunities that can arise when implementing ecosystem-based management (EBM) in tropical nations. EBM creates a new series of challenges, problems, and opportunities that must be considered in light of existing governance and management frameworks in a local context. The paper presents five case studies from different parts of the tropical world, including Oceania, insular and continental Southeast Asia, East Africa, and the Caribbean, which illustrate that the implementation of EBM in watershed and marine ecosystems offers a new series of challenges and opportunities for its inclusion with existing forms of environmental governance and management. The paper suggests that EBM is best thought of as an expansion of customary management (CM) and integrated coastal management (ICM), rather than a paradigm shift, and that it has certain benefits that are worth integrating into existing systems when possible. The paper concludes that the cultural and institutional context of CM as well as the experience, technical skills, and legal basis that serve ICM programs are logical platforms from which to build EBM programs. Some guidelines for creating hybrid management regimes are suggested. In sum, declining marine species and ecosystems require urgent action, necessitating utilization of existing paradigms such as ICM and CM as a foundation for building EBM.

Suggested Citation

  • Aswani, Shankar & Christie, Patrick & Muthiga, Nyawira A. & Mahon, Robin & Primavera, Jurgenne H. & Cramer, Lori A. & Barbier, Edward B. & Granek, Elise F. & Kennedy, Chris J. & Wolanski, Eric & Hacke, 2012. "The way forward with ecosystem-based management in tropical contexts: Reconciling with existing management systems," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 1-10, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:marpol:v:36:y:2012:i:1:p:1-10
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Jessica Mercer & Tiina Kurvits & Ilan Kelman & Stavros Mavrogenis, 2014. "Ecosystem-Based Adaptation for Food Security in the AIMS SIDS: Integrating External and Local Knowledge," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(9), pages 1-32, August.
    2. Vaughan, Mehana Blaich & Caldwell, Margaret R., 2015. "Hana Pa'a: Challenges and lessons for early phases of co-management," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 51-62.
    3. Dentoni, Domenico & Klerkx, Laurens, 2015. "Co-managing public research in Australian fisheries through convergence–divergence processes," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 259-271.
    4. Barbier, Edward B., 2012. "Natural capital, ecological scarcity and rural poverty," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6232, The World Bank.

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