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Small-scale fisheries and food security strategies in countries in the Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem (BCLME) region: Angola, Namibia and South Africa


  • Sowman, Merle
  • Cardoso, Paula


This paper provides an overview of the small-scale fisheries sector in countries within the Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem (BCLME), one of the most productive large marine ecosystems in the world. The study revealed that Angola, Namibia and South Africa have very different legal and policy frameworks, show different levels of compliance with international and regional agreements to protect the livelihoods and food security of small-scale fishers, as well as of integration of fisheries into food security objectives. Angolan law recognises and protects small-scale fishers through legal and institutional mechanisms. In Namibia, this sector of fishers is not legally recognised, while in South Africa traditional fishers have been largely excluded from the new fisheries management framework. Trends in national and regional fish consumption and in the extent of export orientation in fisheries are explored, as well as the potential threats to small-scale producers and food security in the region posed by ongoing drives to incorporate fisheries in the World Trade Organisation (WTO) agreements.

Suggested Citation

  • Sowman, Merle & Cardoso, Paula, 2010. "Small-scale fisheries and food security strategies in countries in the Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem (BCLME) region: Angola, Namibia and South Africa," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(6), pages 1163-1170, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:marpol:v:34:y:2010:i:6:p:1163-1170

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    Cited by:

    1. Sowman, Merle & Sunde, Jackie & Raemaekers, Serge & Schultz, Oliver, 2014. "Fishing for equality: Policy for poverty alleviation for South Africa's small-scale fisheries," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 31-42.
    2. Allison, E.H., 2011. "Aquaculture, fisheries, poverty and food security," Working Papers, The WorldFish Center, number 39575, September.
    3. Belwal, Rakesh & Belwal, Shweta & Al Jabri, Omar, 2015. "The fisheries of Oman: A situation analysis," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 237-248.
    4. Colbert-Sangree, Nathanial & Suter, Jordan F., 2015. "Community based fishery management within the Menai Bay conservation area: A survey of the resource user," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 171-177.


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