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Precautionary management of deep-sea mining


  • Halfar, Jochen
  • Fujita, Rodney M.


Interest in deep-sea mining developed in the early 1970s, with a focus on manganese nodules in international waters. Mining may actually occur first, however, on rich polymetallic sulfide deposits associated with hydrothermal vents within exclusive economic zones. Even though mining for polymetallic sulfides may not take place for several years, precautionary performance standards, environmental regulations, and the establishment of Marine Protected Areas may help guide the marine mining industry toward a goal of minimizing environmental impacts. Once substantial investments in prospecting and exploring a potential mining site are made, implementation of environmental regulations may prove to be much more difficult.

Suggested Citation

  • Halfar, Jochen & Fujita, Rodney M., 2002. "Precautionary management of deep-sea mining," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 103-106, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:marpol:v:26:y:2002:i:2:p:103-106

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Burton, Peter S., 2003. "Community enforcement of fisheries effort restrictions," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 45(2, Supple), pages 474-491, March.
    2. Parzival Copes, 1999. "The Need for Balance in Canada's Fisheries Policy," Discussion Papers dp00-09, Department of Economics, Simon Fraser University, revised Feb 2000.
    3. Benchekroun, Hassan & Van Long, Ngo, 2002. "Transboundary Fishery: A Differential Game Model," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 69(274), pages 207-221, May.
    4. Ebbin, Syma A., 2002. "Enhanced fit through institutional interplay in the Pacific Northwest Salmon co-management regime," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 26(4), pages 253-259, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bertram, Christine & Krätschell, Anna & O’Brien, Killian & Brückmann, Warner & Proelss, Alexander & Rehdanz, Katrin, 2011. "Metalliferous sediments in the Atlantis II Deep—Assessing the geological and economic resource potential and legal constraints," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 315-329.
    2. Bertram, Christine & Krätschell, Anna & O'Brien, Killian & Brückmann, Warner & Proelss, Alexander, 2011. "Metalliferous sediments in the Atlantis II Deep: Assessing the geological and economic resource potential and legal constraints," Kiel Working Papers 1688, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).


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