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The development of the Yangtze River container port system

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  • Veenstra, Albert
  • Notteboom, Theo

Abstract

This paper sheds an empirical light on port development patterns by discussing the structure and the development of the Yangtze River ports system. We argue that the Yangtze River system is going through a regionalization phase, mainly in relation to the port of Shanghai. This process started on the lower Yangtze but is now also moving upstream. The transition towards the port regionalization phase is typically a gradual and market-driven process that mirrors the increased focus of market players on logistics integration. This paper builds on the existing literature on port systems and adapts port development models to river ports. Furthermore, we employ some statistical techniques that are common to the analysis of port systems, and introduce some techniques that have not been used much by transport geographers in ports. This paper will address the dynamics in the Yangtze River ports system by analyzing the level of cargo concentration and the degree of inequality in operations of the container ports. The paper also assesses observed differences in development of ports in different areas along the river (upstream/downstream) and reflects on the role of ownership structures in shaping regional load centre networks.

Suggested Citation

  • Veenstra, Albert & Notteboom, Theo, 2011. "The development of the Yangtze River container port system," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 772-781.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jotrge:v:19:y:2011:i:4:p:772-781
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2010.09.006
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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0966692310001535
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Theo E. Notteboom * & Jean-Paul Rodrigue, 2005. "Port regionalization: towards a new phase in port development," Maritime Policy & Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(3), pages 297-313, July.
    2. Kevin Cullinane & Yahui Teng & Teng-Fei Wang, 2005. "Port competition between Shanghai and Ningbo," Maritime Policy & Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(4), pages 331-346, October.
    3. George Deltas, 2003. "The Small-Sample Bias of the Gini Coefficient: Results and Implications for Empirical Research," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 85(1), pages 226-234, February.
    4. Rodrigue, Jean-Paul & Notteboom, Theo, 2010. "Foreland-based regionalization: Integrating intermediate hubs with port hinterlands," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 19-29.
    5. Cowell, Frank A, 1988. "Inequality Decomposition: Three Bad Measures," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 40(4), pages 309-312, October.
    6. Parola, Francesco & Veenstra, Albert W., 2008. "The spatial coverage of shipping lines and container terminal operators," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 292-299.
    7. Albert W. Veenstra & Mo Zhang & Marcel Ludema, 2008. "The growth potential of container shipping on the Yangtze River," Maritime Policy & Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(6), pages 535-549, December.
    8. Notteboom, Theo E., 2010. "Concentration and the formation of multi-port gateway regions in the European container port system: an update," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 18(4), pages 567-583.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

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    2. Baştuğ, Sedat & Şakar, Gül Denktaş & Gülmez, Seçil, 2020. "An application of brand personality dimensions to container ports: A place branding perspective," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 82(C).
    3. Chengjin Wang & César Ducruet, 2013. "Regional Resilience and Spatial Cycles: Long-Term Evolution of the Chinese Port System (221bc–2010ad)," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 104(5), pages 521-538, December.
    4. Wang, Chengjin & Ducruet, César, 2012. "New port development and global city making: emergence of the Shanghai–Yangshan multilayered gateway hub," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 58-69.
    5. Cahoon, Stephen & Pateman, Hilary & Chen, Shu-Ling, 2013. "Regional port authorities: leading players in innovation networks?," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 66-75.
    6. Zheng, Jianfeng & Yang, Dong, 2016. "Hub-and-spoke network design for container shipping along the Yangtze River," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 51-57.
    7. Yang, Dong & Wang, Kelly Yujie & Xu, Hua & Zhang, Zhehui, 2017. "Path to a multilayered transshipment port system: How the Yangtze River bulk port system has evolved," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 54-64.
    8. Zhao, Yiran & Yang, Zhongzhen & Haralambides, Hercules, 2019. "Optimizing the transport of export containers along China's coronary artery: The Yangtze River," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 11-25.
    9. Wenming Shi & Kevin X. Li, 2017. "Themes and tools of maritime transport research during 2000-2014," Maritime Policy & Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(2), pages 151-169, February.
    10. Li, Feng & Yang, Dong & Wang, Shuaian & Weng, Jinxian, 2019. "Ship routing and scheduling problem for steel plants cluster alongside the Yangtze River," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 122(C), pages 198-210.
    11. Yang, Jinglei & Luo, Meifeng & Ji, Abing, 2016. "Analyzing the spatial–temporal evolution of a gateway’s hinterland: A case study of Shanghai, China," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 355-367.
    12. Sébastien Bourdin & Thomas Cornier, 2015. "De la polarisation du trafic de conteneurs à la concentration spatiale : l'exemple des ports d'Europe et de la Méditerranée," Post-Print hal-01473935, HAL.
    13. Dadashpoor, Hashem & Arasteh, Mojtaba, 2020. "Core-port connectivity: Towards shaping a national hinterland in a West Asia country," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 57-68.
    14. Zhijia Tan & Yadong Wang & Qiang Meng & Zhixue Liu, 2018. "Joint Ship Schedule Design and Sailing Speed Optimization for a Single Inland Shipping Service with Uncertain Dam Transit Time," Service Science, INFORMS, vol. 52(6), pages 1570-1588, December.
    15. Zhang, Ruiyou & Huang, Chao & Feng, Xuehao, 2020. "Empty container repositioning with foldable containers in a river transport network considering the limitations of bridge heights," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 133(C), pages 197-213.
    16. Notteboom, Theo & Yang, Dong & Xu, Hua, 2020. "Container barge network development in inland rivers: A comparison between the Yangtze River and the Rhine River," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 132(C), pages 587-605.

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