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Functional-coefficient partially linear regression model


  • Wong, Heung
  • Zhang, Riquan
  • Ip, Wai-cheung
  • Li, Guoying


In this paper, the functional-coefficient partially linear regression (FCPLR) model is proposed by combining nonparametric and functional-coefficient regression (FCR) model. It includes the FCR model and the nonparametric regression (NPR) model as its special cases. It is also a generalization of the partially linear regression (PLR) model obtained by replacing the parameters in the PLR model with some functions of the covariates. The local linear technique and the integrated method are employed to give initial estimators of all functions in the FCPLR model. These initial estimators are asymptotically normal. The initial estimator of the constant part function shares the same bias as the local linear estimator of this function in the univariate nonparametric model, but the variance of the former is bigger than that of the latter. Similarly, initial estimators of every coefficient function share the same bias as the local linear estimates in the univariate FCR model, but the variance of the former is bigger than that of the latter. To decrease the variance of the initial estimates, a one-step back-fitting technique is used to obtain the improved estimators of all functions. The improved estimator of the constant part function has the same asymptotic normality property as the local linear nonparametric regression for univariate data. The improved estimators of the coefficient functions have the same asymptotic normality properties as the local linear estimates in FCR model. The bandwidths and the smoothing variables are selected by a data-driven method. Both simulated and real data examples related to nonlinear time series modeling are used to illustrate the applications of the FCPLR model.

Suggested Citation

  • Wong, Heung & Zhang, Riquan & Ip, Wai-cheung & Li, Guoying, 2008. "Functional-coefficient partially linear regression model," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 99(2), pages 278-305, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jmvana:v:99:y:2008:i:2:p:278-305

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. He, Xuming & Shi, Peide, 1996. "Bivariate Tensor-Product B-Splines in a Partly Linear Model," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 58(2), pages 162-181, August.
    2. Cai, Zongwu & Fan, Jianqing & Yao, Qiwei, 2000. "Functional-coefficient regression models for nonlinear time series," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 6314, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    3. Jianhua Z. Huang, 2002. "Varying-coefficient models and basis function approximations for the analysis of repeated measurements," Biometrika, Biometrika Trust, vol. 89(1), pages 111-128, March.
    4. J. Fan & J.-T. Zhang, 2000. "Two-step estimation of functional linear models with applications to longitudinal data," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 62(2), pages 303-322.
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    Cited by:

    1. Qing-Yan Peng & Jian-Jun Zhou & Nian-Sheng Tang, 2016. "Varying coefficient partially functional linear regression models," Statistical Papers, Springer, vol. 57(3), pages 827-841, September.
    2. Lian, Heng & Li, Gaorong, 2014. "Series expansion for functional sufficient dimension reduction," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 124(C), pages 150-165.


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