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The contingent nature of best practices in national competitiveness: The case of American and Japanese innovation processes


  • Pudelko, Markus
  • Mendenhall, Mark E.


Summary We propose that the differences in competitiveness of companies from different countries is not just a question of the adoption of 'better' management models, as conventional wisdom would have us believe; rather, we contend that national competitiveness can change radically over time without significant changes in management practices. Contrary to much of the management literature we hold that changes in the global business environment often determine to a large degree the competitiveness of companies. Based on our assumptions we offer four specific lessons of how companies can increase their competitiveness within the constraints of the socio-cultural context in which they operate.

Suggested Citation

  • Pudelko, Markus & Mendenhall, Mark E., 2009. "The contingent nature of best practices in national competitiveness: The case of American and Japanese innovation processes," European Management Journal, Elsevier, vol. 27(6), pages 456-466, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eurman:v:27:y:2009:i:6:p:456-466

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    Cited by:

    1. Anne-Wil Harzing & Markus Pudelko, 2016. "Do We Need to Distance Ourselves from the Distance Concept? Why Home and Host Country Context Might Matter More Than (Cultural) Distance," Management International Review, Springer, vol. 56(1), pages 1-34, February.


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