Characteristics related to family involvement in youth residential mental health treatment
This study examined family involvement among youth in residential mental health treatment facilities in Florida. Data were obtained from the provider reports from January 2005 through December 2007. Treatment episodes were divided into 30-day periods with family involvement measured by the number of contacts by all family members, the mother, and the father. In addition, we examined contacts by all family members for in-person treatment, treatment-related phone contacts, treatment planning, campus visits, and therapeutic home passes. Families averaged 3.4 contacts per 30days for the 1333 treatment episodes. Sixty-seven percent of the contacts included mothers, while 22% of the contacts involved fathers. A majority of contacts were for family therapy, either by phone (29% of contacts) or in person (43%). Nearly twenty percent of residential stays had no family contact. After the first 30days of treatment, contacts did not vary significantly over the course of the treatment episode, although there was some evidence that youth with longer treatment episodes had fewer contacts throughout the residential stay. Total contacts were lower for girls than boys, for blacks than whites, and for older youth, and were higher when the youth lived in the same county as the residential treatment provider. Outreach programs could target specific demographic groups with low involvement, and the alternative methods for involvement that use internet conferencing tools should be explored for parents that live far from the treatment provider.
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- Gorske, Tad T. & Srebalus, David J. & Walls, Richard T., 2003. "Adolescents in Residential Centers: Characteristics and Treatment Outcome," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(4), pages 317-326, April.
- Lee, Linda J., 2011. "Adult visitation and permanency for children following residential treatment," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(7), pages 1288-1297, July.
- Wells, Kathleen & Wyatt, Elizabeth & Hobfoll, Stevan, 1991. "Factors associated with adaptation of youths discharged from residential treatment," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 13(3), pages 199-216.
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