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A goodness-of-fit test for parametric models based on dependently truncated data

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  • Emura, Takeshi
  • Konno, Yoshihiko

Abstract

Suppose that one can observe bivariate random variables (L,X) only when L≤X holds. Such data are called left-truncated data and found in many fields, such as experimental education and epidemiology. Recently, a method of fitting a parametric model on (L,X) has been considered, which can easily incorporate the dependent structure between the two variables. A primary concern for the parametric analysis is the goodness-of-fit for the imposed parametric forms. Due to the complexity of dependent truncation models, the traditional goodness-of-fit procedures, such as Kolmogorov–Smirnov type tests based on the Bootstrap approximation to null distribution, may not be computationally feasible. In this paper, we develop a computationally attractive and reliable algorithm for the goodness-of-fit test based on the asymptotic linear expression. By applying the multiplier central limit theorem to the asymptotic linear expression, we obtain an asymptotically valid goodness-of-fit test. Monte Carlo simulations show that the proposed test has correct type I error rates and desirable empirical power. It is also shown that the method significantly reduces the computational time compared with the commonly used parametric Bootstrap method. Analysis on law school data is provided for illustration. R codes for implementing the proposed procedure are available in the supplementary material.

Suggested Citation

  • Emura, Takeshi & Konno, Yoshihiko, 2012. "A goodness-of-fit test for parametric models based on dependently truncated data," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 56(7), pages 2237-2250.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:csdana:v:56:y:2012:i:7:p:2237-2250
    DOI: 10.1016/j.csda.2011.12.022
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Dietz, Ekkehart & Bohning, Dankmar, 2000. "On estimation of the Poisson parameter in zero-modified Poisson models," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 441-459, October.
    2. Lajmi Lakhal Chaieb & Louis-Paul Rivest & Belkacem Abdous, 2006. "Estimating survival under a dependent truncation," Biometrika, Biometrika Trust, vol. 93(3), pages 655-669, September.
    3. Martin, Emily C. & Betensky, Rebecca A., 2005. "Testing Quasi-Independence of Failure and Truncation Times via Conditional Kendall's Tau," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 100, pages 484-492, June.
    4. Bücher, Axel & Dette, Holger, 2010. "A note on bootstrap approximations for the empirical copula process," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 80(23-24), pages 1925-1932, December.
    5. Takeshi Emura & Yoshihiko Konno, 2012. "Multivariate normal distribution approaches for dependently truncated data," Statistical Papers, Springer, vol. 53(1), pages 133-149, February.
    6. Zhezhen Jin, 2003. "Rank-based inference for the accelerated failure time model," Biometrika, Biometrika Trust, vol. 90(2), pages 341-353, June.
    7. Emura, Takeshi & Wang, Weijing, 2010. "Testing quasi-independence for truncation data," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 101(1), pages 223-239, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Emura, Takeshi & Wang, Weijing, 2012. "Nonparametric maximum likelihood estimation for dependent truncation data based on copulas," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 171-188.
    2. Long, Ting-Hsuan & Emura, Takeshi, 2014. "A control chart using copula-based Markov chain models," MPRA Paper 57419, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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