Model of the economic efficiency of the exploitation of oil shale in comparison with other mineral sources of energy
In connection with the growing demand for energy in comparison with the development of the energy raw materials base, the determination of the optimal structure of energy production and consumption gains ever greater importance. The optimisation of the fuel-energy balance is not a new procedure. However, the existing models suffer from shortcomings, which to some extent are not present in our model. It is based on the following points. (1) A source of energy raw materials is a production complex of an output, processing and utilisation of the reserves, and manufacture of by-products. (2) Each type of production has its own characteristics. (3) Direct and feedback production links exist between the existing and newly created production capacities. The model reviews the influence of scientific and technical progress. (4) The model is designed largely for energotechnologic utilisation towards the production of essential energy products. (5) The model foresees a discrete variation of power capacity. This way the non-linear function of expense is taken into account. (6) The worked out model makes it possible to ground the rational structure and volume of oil shale use, to draw into production more from its enormous reserves and in this way to favour the relative autonomy of the national energy economy.
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Volume (Year): 5 (1979)
Issue (Month): 3 (July)
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