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El impacto del salario mínimo en los ingresos y el empleo en México

Author

Listed:
  • Campos, Raymundo M.
  • Esquivel, Gerardo
  • Santillán, Alma S.

Abstract

En este artículo se analizan los efectos del aumento del salario mínimo en el salario y el empleo en México. Para ello se homologa el salario mínimo en dos zonas del país a finales de 2012 como fuente de variación. Utilizando la Encuesta Nacional de Ocupación y Empleo (ENOE), se realiza un análisis econométrico de corte transversal y otro de panel a nivel individual. Los resultados del primero indican que, en promedio, el salario por hora de los trabajadores de la zona B aumentó entre el 1,6% y el 2,6% y, en el caso de los trabajadores asalariados, entre el 1,8% y el 3,3%. El análisis de panel produce resultados similares. Si bien el análisis de corte transversal no revela un impacto en términos de empleo, los datos de panel indican que la probabilidad de ser trabajador informal (formal) disminuyó (aumentó) entre las personas afectadas por el incremento salarial.

Suggested Citation

  • Campos, Raymundo M. & Esquivel, Gerardo & Santillán, Alma S., 2017. "El impacto del salario mínimo en los ingresos y el empleo en México," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), August.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecr:col070:42038
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    Cited by:

    1. Sharon Katzkowicz & Gabriela Pedetti & Martina Querejeta & Marcelo Bérgolo, 2019. "Low-Skilled Workers and the Effects of Minimum Wage: New Evidence Based on a Density-Discontinuity Approach," Working Papers PMMA 2019-10, PEP-PMMA.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    SALARIO MINIMO; EMPLEO; INGRESOS; ANALISIS ECONOMICO; MODELOS ECONOMETRICOS; MINIMUM WAGE; EMPLOYMENT; INCOME; ECONOMIC ANALYSIS; ECONOMETRIC MODELS;

    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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