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Diverse Information and Market Efficiency in a Monetary Model of the Exchange Rate

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  • Harris, Richard G
  • Purvis, Douglas D

Abstract

Tests of informational efficiency of a given market involve testing two hypotheses simultaneously: the first is the hypothesis about the structure determining equilibrium prices or returns, and the second is the hypothesis about the information used in formulating expectations and the ability of agents to set current prices to conform with their expected values. We examine this issue in the context of the foreign exchange market by setting up a simple model of exchange rate determination, and using equilibrium properties of the model to examine market efficiency. The model of exchange rate determination involves monetary equilibrium and rational expectations. By virtue of the latter, equilibrium prices, by definition, 'fully reflect' available information, yet we show that conventional tests of market efficiency would fail when confronted by data generated by such a model. We then proceed to define more restrictive and more appropriate concepts of informational efficiency. We also illustrate and clarify a fundamental misconception with current rational expectations models. We believe that the current models employing the rational expectations hypothesis overemphasize the distinction between monetary and real shocks and underemphasize the distinction between permanent and transitory distinctions. For expectations formation, the conventional efficiency tests, it is the latter distinction that is the essential one.
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  • Harris, Richard G & Purvis, Douglas D, 1981. "Diverse Information and Market Efficiency in a Monetary Model of the Exchange Rate," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 91(364), pages 829-847, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecj:econjl:v:91:y:1981:i:364:p:829-47
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    Cited by:

    1. Hakkio, Craig S, 1981. "Expectations and the Forward Exchange Rate," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 22(3), pages 663-678, October.
    2. Obstfeld, Maurice & Stockman, Alan C., 1985. "Exchange-rate dynamics," Handbook of International Economics,in: R. W. Jones & P. B. Kenen (ed.), Handbook of International Economics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 18, pages 917-977 Elsevier.
    3. Willem H. Buiter & Jonathan Eaton, 1980. "Policy Decentralization and Exchange Rate Management in Interdependent Economies," NBER Working Papers 0531, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Andreas Andrikopoulos & Aristeidis Samitas & Konstantinos Kougepsakis, 2014. "Volatility transmission across currencies and stock markets: GIIPS in crisis," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(19), pages 1261-1283, October.

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