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Asymmetric adjustment of retail gasoline prices in turkey to world crude oil price changes: the role of taxes

Author

Listed:
  • C. emre Alper

    () (Bogazici University)

  • Orhan Torul

    () (Bogazici University)

Abstract

We empirically investigate the impact of shocks to world crude oil prices on retail gasoline prices in Turkey during the 1991-2007 period. Using a Structural-VAR methodology and monthly frequency data, we report that Turkish retail gasoline prices respond significantly to increasing world crude oil prices, but not to decreases. During the estimation period, 70 to 80% of the retail gasoline price was attributable to taxes which were subject to frequent changes by the council of ministers. Although historical data on gasoline taxes is not publicly available, based on the importance of taxes on gasoline price formation in Turkey, we argue that the source of asymmetry is mainly attributable to government price setting policy choice for gasoline. Based on the observed asymmetry from empirical analysis, we further argue that rather than smoothing the impact of volatility in world crude oil prices on Turkish retail gasoline prices, the Turkish fiscal authorities attempted to maximize tax revenue from gasoline.

Suggested Citation

  • C. emre Alper & Orhan Torul, 2009. "Asymmetric adjustment of retail gasoline prices in turkey to world crude oil price changes: the role of taxes," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 29(2), pages 775-787.
  • Handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-09-00113
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    File URL: http://www.accessecon.com/Pubs/EB/2009/Volume29/EB-09-V29-I2-P28.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Shavell, Steven, 1995. "The Appeals Process as a Means of Error Correction," The Journal of Legal Studies, University of Chicago Press, pages 379-426.
    3. Theodore Eisenberg & Michael Heise, 2009. "Plaintiphobia in State Courts? An Empirical Study of State Court Trials on Appeal," The Journal of Legal Studies, University of Chicago Press, pages 121-155.
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    Cited by:

    1. Özgür Bor & Mustafa Ýsmihan, 2013. "Gasoline Pricing, Taxation and Asymmetry: The Case of Turkey," Working Papers 2013/7, Turkish Economic Association.
    2. Torul Orhan & Alper C. Emre, 2010. "Asymmetric Effects of Oil Prices on the Manufacturing Sector in Turkey," Review of Middle East Economics and Finance, De Gruyter, pages 90-105.
    3. Aboura, Sofiane & Chevallier, Julien, 2017. "Oil vs. gasoline: The dark side of volatility and taxation," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, pages 976-989.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Retail gasoline prices; Rockets and feathers hypothesis; Emerging markets; Fiscal policy; SVAR; Retail diesel oil prices;

    JEL classification:

    • Q4 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy
    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance

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