Divergence in Per Capita Electric Power Consumption: An African Perspective
This paper tests for convergence in relative per capita electric power consumption for 22 African countries, covering the period 1971-2002. Parametric techniques which are regressions and unit root tests are used. Neoclassical convergence hypothesis such as the ?-convergence is rejected while evidence in support of ?-convergence is obtained. Stochastic convergence is further investigated by applying a battery of time-series and panel unit roots tests. Strong evidence of stochastic divergence is found after controlling for cross-sectional dependence. Finally, non-parametric techniques based on kernels reveal some evidence of club-formation.
Volume (Year): 8 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
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