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Trade Reforms and Economic Integration in South Asia: SAARC to SAPTA


  • Chowdhury, Mamta B.



As Globalisation and regionalism gained its momentum from the beginning of 1980s and the gain from open trade is realised by the pioneer East Asian nations (especially, the ASEAN countries), the South Asian countries also tried to catch up with the stream under the banner of South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC). The objective of the study is to assess the liberalisation efforts by these nations. Our empirical results in terms of trade among the regional group suggest that the smaller countries, namely Bangladesh and Sri Lanka reap the higher gains from openness, whereas trade with other international partners, it took India and Bangladesh to gain international competitiveness until mid 1990s. Our study indicates Pakistan and Sri Lanka’s trade liberalisation efforts don’t seem to have much positive impact in terms of international trade.

Suggested Citation

  • Chowdhury, Mamta B., 2005. "Trade Reforms and Economic Integration in South Asia: SAARC to SAPTA," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 5(4).
  • Handle: RePEc:eaa:aeinde:v:5:y:2005:i:4_2

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Dosi, Giovanni, 1988. "Sources, Procedures, and Microeconomic Effects of Innovation," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 26(3), pages 1120-1171, September.
    2. Timmer, Marcel P., 2003. "Technological development and rates of return to investment in a catching-up economy: the case of South Korea," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 14(4), pages 405-425, December.
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    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Guesmi, Khaled & Teulon, Frederic & Muzaffar, Ahmed Taneem, 2014. "The evolution of risk premium as a measure for intra-regional equity market integration," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 13-19.
    2. Dwihasri, Dhaifina & Masih, Mansur, 2015. "Should investors diversify their portfolios with stocks from major trading countries? A comparative multivariate GARCH-DCC and wavelet correlation analysis," MPRA Paper 65278, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. . Chowdhury, Mamta B., 2005. "Real Exchange Rates and International Competitiveness of SAAR Countries: An Analysis of Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Sri-Lanka for 1960-2000," International Journal of Applied Econometrics and Quantitative Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 2(4), pages 5-18.
    4. Abdul Karim, Bakri & Abdul Majid, M. Shabri & Abdul Karim, Samsul Ariffin, 2009. "Financial Integration between Indonesia and Its Major Trading Partners," MPRA Paper 17277, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. repec:spr:jqecon:v:15:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s40953-016-0062-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Bakri Abdul Karim & M. Shabri Abd. Majid, 2010. "Does trade matter for stock market integration?," Studies in Economics and Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 27(1), pages 47-66, March.
    7. repec:ipg:wpaper:2014-096 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    SAARC; SAPTA; SAFTA; Trading Bloc; Intra- and international Competitiveness; Real exchange rate; Openness in trade regime;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F47 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications


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