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Absorptive Capacity Compared: Evidence From Sectoral Data Of Oecd, Asian And Latin American Countries


  • MONTINARI, Letizia
  • ROCHLITZ, Michael


In this paper, we investigate differences in and determinants of technical efficiency across three groups of OECD, Asian and Latin American countries. As technical efficiency determines the capacity with which countries absorb technology produced abroad, these differences are important to understand differences in growth and productivity across countries, especially for developing countries which depend to a large extend on foreign technology. Using a stochastic frontier framework and data for 22 manufacturing sectors for 1996-2005, we find notable differences in technical efficiency between the three country groups we examine. We then investigate the effect of human capital and domestic R&D, proxied by the stock of patents, on technical efficiency. We find that while human capital has always a strongly positive effect on efficiency, an increase in the stock of patents has positive effects on efficiency in high-tech sectors, but negative effects in low-tech sectors.

Suggested Citation

  • MONTINARI, Letizia & ROCHLITZ, Michael, 2014. "Absorptive Capacity Compared: Evidence From Sectoral Data Of Oecd, Asian And Latin American Countries," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 14(2).
  • Handle: RePEc:eaa:aeinde:v:14:y:2014:i:2_2

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    Cited by:

    1. Danquah, Michael, 2018. "Technology transfer, adoption of technology and the efficiency of nations: Empirical evidence from sub Saharan Africa," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 131(C), pages 175-182.
    2. Brita Bye & Taran Faehn, 2021. "The Role of Human Capital in Structural Change and Growth in an Open Economy: Innovative and Absorptive Capacity Effects," CESifo Working Paper Series 8857, CESifo.
    3. Naijela Janaina Costa Silveira & Diogo Ferraz & Eduardo Polloni‐Silva & Diego Scarpa de Mello & Fernanda Pereira Sartori Falguera & Herick Fernando Moralles, 2022. "Modeling the building blocks of country‐level absorptive capacity: Comparing developed and emergent economies," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 74(3), pages 783-824, July.

    More about this item


    Absorptive Capacity; Efficiency; Stochastic Frontier Analysis; Technology Transfer;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes


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